Week 2 Knowledge Check Study Guide

Topics: Fallacy, Decision making, Logical fallacies Pages: 19 (1770 words) Published: April 22, 2015
Week 2 Knowledge Check Study Guide
Concepts

Mastery

The stages of decision
making

100%

1

2

3

100%

4

5

6

100%

7

8

9

Organizational decision
making

Questions

Rhetorical devices I,
rhetorical devices II,
rhetorical devices III,
rhetorical devices IV, and
proof surrogates and
repetition
Fallacies that involve
appeals to emotion, some

100%

Score: 15 / 15

non-emotion-based

10

11

12

13

14

15

fallacies, and two wrongs
make a right
The ad hominem fallacy,
the genetic fallacy, straw
man, false dilemma,
slippery slope, misplacing

100%

the burden of proof, and
begging the question
Concept: The stages of decision making
Mastery

100%

Questions

1

2

3

1.
Which stage of the decision-making process precedes the stage of generating alternative solutions to a problem?

A.

Evaluating the alternative solutions to the problem at hand

B.

Identifying the problem and recognizing that it must be
solved

C.

Evaluating the final decision by analyzing how well it works

D.

Selecting the best course of action to solve the problem

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: B.
The stage that precedes the stage of generating alternative solutions to a problem involves recognizing and diagnosing the problem. Problems may even represent opportunities that need to be utilized. In such cases, managers must decide on the best way to seize such opportunities.

2.
Identify the last step of the decision-making process.

A.

Evaluating the decision

B.

Evaluating the alternatives

C.

Identifying the problem

D.

Implementing the decision

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: A.
The last step of the decision-making process involves evaluating the final decision. In this step, managers estimate how well the decisions they have made work. 3.
Cho, a manager at Freshtrans Corp., a potato chips manufacturing company, notices a sharp decline in the company's revenues. She asks her team to diagnose the issue and suggest ways of recovering the lost revenue. When Alex, one of her team members, suggests a solution to overcome the problem, Cho immediately decides to use Alex's suggestion without urging her team to contribute any more suggestions. Cho claims that

Alex's idea is feasible and that they have neither the time nor the information to evaluate other alternatives at this point. Which of the following concepts of decision making has Cho most likely applied in this scenario?

A.

Maximizing

B.

Optimizing

C.

Satisficing

D.

Minimizing

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: C.
In this scenario, Cho has applied the concept of satisficing in making her decision.  When managers satisfice, they generally do not compare their choices against other options; they simply compare their choices against their goals.

Concept: Organizational decision making
Mastery

100%

Questions

4

5

6

4.
Which of the following models of decision making is most likely to arise when people contend with one another for resources or disagree with each other on goals?

A.

The incremental model of decision making

B.

The spiral model of decision making

C.

The coalition model of decision making

D.

The garbage can model of decision making

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: C.
The coalition model of decision making is most likely to arise when people contend with one another for resources or disagree with each other on goals. Negotiations are a part of this model.
5.
According to Herbert Simon, why can decision makers not be truly rational?

A.

Because decision makers do not have the ability to process
all the information that they can access

B.

Because decision makers generally have access to all the
information they need about the consequences and the
alternatives to a problem

C.

Because the problems decision makers face are generally
simple and...
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