Week 2 Knowledge Check Study Guide

Topics: Logic, Critical thinking, Reasoning Pages: 8 (616 words) Published: April 13, 2015
Week 2 Knowledge Check Study Guide
Concepts

Mastery

CRITICAL THINKING
BARRIERS

Score: 9 / 9

Questions

100%

1

2

100%

8

9

3

4

5

6

7

OVERCOMING
CRITICAL THINKING
BARRIERS
Concept: CRITICAL THINKING BARRIERS
Mastery

100%

Questions

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1.
What is one of the reasons that enculturation is considered as a barrier to critical thinking?

A.

Because people vary in degree to which they use their
attributes.

B.

Because our psychological world is shaped by our
exposure to cultural and genetic forces.

C.

Because our upbringing shapes our emotions which can
distort our thinking.

D.

Because enculturation is a continuous process.

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: C.
2.
If you accept only your enculturated notions of the world without thinking critically about them , you become a:

A.

Logical Convert

B.

Logical influence

C.

Logical egoist

D.

Logical theistic

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: C.
3.
Ego defense mechanisms are psychological coping strategies that distort reality to:

A.

Help us understand why we do the things we do.

B.

Protect ourselves from bad feelings.

C.

Keep us from becoming irrational.

D.

Keep us from hurting anyone.

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: B.
4.

Ego defense mechanisms are barriers to critical thinking because

A.

They portray pleasant realities for everyone.

B.

They distort reality.

C.

They distort our pleasant lives.

D.

They are probably rooted in arguments.

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: B.
5.
The captain of a cruise ship, that sank in the Indian Ocean, was asked why he left his ship in a lifeboat while hundreds of passengers were still on board replied, “The order to abandon ship applied to everyone, and once the order is given it does not matter when the captain leaves." This is an example of:

A.

Denial

B.

Rationalization

C.

Projection

D.

Self-serving biases

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: B.
6.
To assume that your group has richness and diversity of its members, but assume that all other groups are alike is an example of

A.

Stereotyping

B.

Self-serving bias

C.

Projecting

D.

Rationalization

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: A.
7.
Not all emotions should be avoided as blocks to clear thinking and insight. There is nothing wrong with our enthusiasm for our friends, family, or even for our political and moral views. However, emotions can become a hindrance to critical thinking when:

A.

We allow our emotions to suggest unwarranted
conclusions.

B.

We use emotions to resolve issues or solve problems.

C.

We allow emotions to affect our ability to argue
logically.

D.

All of the above

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: D.

Concept: OVERCOMING CRITICAL THINKING BARRIERS
Mastery

100%

Questions

8

9

8.
Recognizing the extent of our enculturation:

A.

Lessens the effects of the problems of the world and
reduce stress which is essential to creative and critical
thinking.

B.

Enables us to think more subjectively about our choices .

C.

Lessens its effects and moves us closer to an open mind,
which is essential to creative and critical thinking.

D.

Enables us to determine the causes of our stress thus
becoming more of a critical thinker.

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: C.
9.

The tendency to engage in ego defense and self -serving biases should decrease as our psychological health increases because:

A.

People who are healthy always own up to the totality of
who they are, either positive or negative.

B.

People who are healthy are more able up to accept the
totality of who they are, either positive and negative.

C.

People who are healthy always accepts personal fault.

D.

People who are healthy are never threatened by the
success of others.

Correct:...
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