University of Phoenix
Public and Community Health
Professor Claudia Unrein
January 17, 2011
Review and Summary
This summary will include the how the information overlaps, the type of structure at each
Government level and the functions at each level. In addition the summary will show how each
level of government works together. A definition of public and community health will also be
included in the summary.
What is Public health and Community health?
Public Health is an aspect of Health Services concerned with threats to the health of the population of a community based on population health analysis. It generally includes surveillance and control of infectious disease and promotion of healthy behaviors (health promotion) among members of the community. Both vaccination programs and free distribution of condoms are Public Health measures. Public Health promotes not simply the absence of disease but mental, physical and emotional well-being (Public Health). Community Health is a discipline that concerns itself with the study and the betterment of the health characteristics of a given community. While the term community can be defined, community health tends to involve everyone working together (Public Health). What is type of structure and function at each level of government?
The type of structure of each level of government and their functions tend to overlap in regard to how the dilemma of teenage pregnancy is handled. Although on a national level, in 2006, in more than 10 years, for the first time, teenage pregnancy increased to 3% from 2005 to 2006. At a state level, in 2005, Texas had the highest number of teenage births accounting for 62 births per 1000 women, in addition to New Mexico, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Arizona possessing the same number of teenage pregnancies.
References: (n.d.). Retrieved from www.wordiq.com/definition/Public_Health (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2011, from www.wordiq.com/definition/Public_Health Engle, L. L. (2006). The mass media are an important context for adolescents sexual behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38, 186-192. Hamilton, B. E. (2009). Births: preliminary data for 2007. 57(12). Hauser, E. L. (2008, September 7). "Advise console, Opinion. (E. L. Hauser, Editor) Retrieved January 17, 2011, from Chicago Tribune: http://archives.chicagetribune.com/2008/sep07/opinion/chi-teen-pregnancy-thinksep07 Snatelli, J. e. (2007). Explaining recent declines in adolescent pregnancy in the United States: The contribution of Abstinence and improved contraceptive use. American Journal of Public Health , 1(97), 150-156.