top-rated free essay

Web-based Communication on Public Attitudes and Political Policy Making

By MAN112 Jul 13, 2014 565 Words
Web-based Communication on Public Attitudes and Political Policy Making

The communication system of the industrial society was based on mass media, largely television, radio and the print press. Such technologies allow for the mass distribution of a one-way message from one-to-many. New forms of social media, such as SMS, blogs, social networking sites, podcasts and wikis, cater to the flow of messages from many-to-many. They have provided alternative mediums for citizen communication and participatory journalism. Social media has been used as a tool to support development outcomes and to push for social change and transformation. Despite the growth of information and communication technologies in the developing world, in particular mobile phones, some technologies may not be accessible to marginalized groups, which can reinforce inequalities in society. Further, there has been little comprehensive research or rigorous evaluation of the causal influence of social media. As such, its ability to contribute to development outcomes and social change remains contested. While recent discussion on the political impact of social media has centered on the power of mass protests to topple governments, social media's real potential may lie in supporting civil society and the public sphere. It has enabled citizen groups to mobilize and hold governments and politicians accountable as never before, expanding public participation in democratic processes. Social media, in particular, can reconnect citizens with their democratic institutions, whether parliaments or political parties, in new and dynamic ways. On the other hand, fragmented web-based decision-making is not necessarily suited to complex policy-making, the committee points out. Replacing representative democracy with some form of “direct democracy” via Internet voting would bring the risk that small groups with greater resources could dictate final decisions without being known or required to account for them, wielding illegitimate power. The web can also facilitate abuse: it hosts intolerance and hatred, allows organized crime syndicates, terrorists and dictators to flourish, and enables the insidious monitoring of private life, not least – as recently revealed – unacceptable intrusion by State secret services. The Internet belongs to everyone, and ways must be found to preserve its openness and neutrality while preventing it from becoming a gigantic prying mechanism, beyond all democratic control. Web-users and operators must be encouraged to regulate themselves, while parliaments should lead the way in ending the digital divide and setting new norms in areas such as “semantic polling”, data-gathering, evaluating search algorithms and curbing Internet trolling. The ultimate aim will be to be find a model of Internet governance which ensures web freedom and guarantees online safety while respecting human rights, especially in countries where these are most under threat. To this end, the committee proposes that the Council of Europe begins work on a White Paper on “Democracy, politics and the Internet”. Policy webs are Internet-enabled networks of participants that contribute a broad range of skills, experiences, perspectives and resources to constitute an effective policy-making unit. Depending on the issue, policy webs draw participants widely from governments, international organizations, businesses and industry associations, think tanks, academic institutions, civil society organizations such as NGOs, associations, and religious groups, and the general public. The challenge is to move from static top-down models to agile networks that leverage and harness the capacity of a broader, more representative group.

http://anthonydwilliams.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/08/Digital%20Era%20Policy%20Making.pdf http://assembly.coe.int/ASP/Doc/XrefViewPDF.asp?FileID=20329&Language http://www.gsdrc.org/go/topic-guides/communication-and-governance/social-media

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • PUBLIC POLICY MAKING IN PAKISTAN

    ...PUBLIC POLICY Policy has been defined as a set of decision taken by a political leader or group (commanding authority of implementation) concerning the selection of goals and the methods of attaining them within a specified situation. Frequently-cited definition of “policy” is given by political scientist Carl J. Fredrick who regards poli...

    Read More
  • Public Policy Making

    ...of actions used to solve these problems are known as public policy. Public Policy can be described as a process that includes seven different steps. These seven steps are used to then tackle domestic problems in our country such as health care, education, and the environment. The first step in the policy-making process is problem recognition. ...

    Read More
  • Public Policy Immigration Essay

    ...Ryan Brushingham 12/12/14 Public Policy Immigration Policy Immigration is important to a nation’s growth and economy. As of 2012, U.S. immigrant population is 40.8 million, or 13% of total U.S. population (Nwosu, Batalova, Auclair, 2014). Between 2011 and 2012, foreign-born population in the US increased by 447,000, or 1.1% (Nwosu, Batalov...

    Read More
  • Policy Making Cycle

    ...Anita L. Luclucan  Policy is a decision-making framework or course of action to achieve a desired effect or change.” In the context of the public sector, policies support political purposes by Government or administrative directions by organizations in response to the changing world around them. Policy can:       ...

    Read More
  • Public Opinion and policy

    ...In Public Opinion: Democratic Ideals, Democratic Practice, Rosalee Clawson and Zoe Oxley interpret public opinion as an individual’s beliefs and preferences in regards to all governmental matters and policies.(424) These individual ideas collectively are viewed as the overall populations opinions summarized and can be reflected by a poll. ...

    Read More
  • Analyzing Public Policy

    ...​Policy analysis is introduced by Munger with immediate skepticism. Munger recognizes the influence of differing opinions, and notes a reoccurring theme of oversimplifying political issues. There is a demand from political leaders for quick solutions; however policy analysis cannot provide quick alternative recommendations. Munger credits this...

    Read More
  • Public health policy

    ... Student Name: Samwel NIYUKURI Student number: n08283613 Unit name: Foundation Psychology Unit coordinator: Dr Melanie White Tutor: Mandy Cassimatis Title: Assessment 1: Research Report Word Count: 1725 Due: October 3rd, 2011 Abstract The goal of the present study is discover the correlation relations...

    Read More
  • Leadership in the Public Policy Making Process

    ...Leadership in the Public Policy Making Process Patty Saltkill PPA 601: Foundations in Public Administration February 23, 2012 R.D. Robertson Ashford University Leadership is a momentous role to have when it comes to how an agency handles actions and policies. Effective leaders can increase organizat...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.