Water Pollution and Prevention
Nellie Dawn Karafa
Miller-Motte College Online
GS275 SUMid10 Environmental Survey
October 31, 2010
Instructor, Tanya Lee
Water Pollution and Prevention are terms that are used quite often. Polluted waterways have extreme effects on all living organisms. Pollution has been a problem in our world for centuries, and will continue to be a concern. Laws and regulations are an important part of protecting our waterways and living organisms. Organizations and education play key roles in how we can prevent pollution. All of these will be discussed in this article.
Water Pollution and Prevention
Water is essential in our everyday life and is something that many humans take for granted and do not fully understand how important water truly is. Humans, animals, and plant life need quality water in order to survive. The question of whether our water sources can continue to provide for all the living organisms on earth does not come with an easy answer. Water systems all over the planet have fell prey to pollution and in a lot of cases have suffered severe losses to animal and plant life as well as ecosystems being completely degraded. Some of these systems have become so polluted that the loss of species is overwhelming, and even irreversible. This is an ongoing problem that we as humans have faced for many years and in all of these cases we have been the main cause of the crisis. If pollution is not cleaned up and prevented, we will not be able to have a sustainable planet. Laws and regulations are just a small part of dealing with this global concern. Prevention is just one measure of how we can save our water systems and provide better lives for all species. There are countless measures that we can take to improve the conditions brought on by water pollution, and there are scores of ways it can be prevented. These methods can benefit our planet as a whole, and lead us to sustainability with our water systems. However, we have a long way to go before we can say that we no longer need to be concerned with water pollution. We can't possibly turn our backs on this never ending problem. Although there has been a lot of efforts put in to help our polluted waterways, there is still much more needed work left to be done.
Water Pollution in Our World
Water pollution is not something new on our horizon, in fact it can be said that pollution began the first moment life came into existence on our planet. Through natural and man-made activities comes some sort of byproduct. A number of these byproducts are considered to be pollutants, which once they have entered the environment can compromise the natural area. There are two types of pollutants one being a nonpoint source which comes from indirect sources such as water run-off. Then there is point-source, where a plume which has the greatest amounts of pollutants at or around the source. For example, such as sewer leaking directly into the soil or waterways. The Tiber River became so heavily polluted by 312 B.C.E. because in ancient Rome raw sewage was being directed through the sewers into the river. Leaving the Romans no other choice but to come up with a new method of obtaining clean drinking water. They built aqueducts in order to have cleaner water. For centuries in many parts of the world, countries have been plagued with outbreaks of cholera and typhoid due to raw sewage being dumped into our waterways. Thousands upon thousands of people have died each year because of cholera outbreaks in several developing countries because they do not have clean drinking water to this day. Throughout the United States, many of our rivers have been tainted with raw sewage for years, which has greatly affected our freshwater supplies. Rivers that were located near factories fell victim to industrial waste simply because they were close by and an easy dumping area. There was very little thought if any to the...
References: Countryside & Small Stock Journal, Jan/Feb94, Hazardous Wastes--In Your Home, http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=4&hid=15&sid=494758bc-543b-4668-9b3b-4df1c71af796%40sessionmgr13&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=f5h&AN=9405195687
Ecology Law Quarterly, May 1, 2010, Size, Biology, and Culture: Persistence as an Indicator of Significant Portions of Range under the Endangered Species Act: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=17&hid=108&sid=4309063b-55a0-44aa-8220-d520ebd12b87%40sessionmgr12
Environmental Protection Agency: http://www.epa.gov/
Go Green Initiative, 2007-2010: http://www.gogreeninitiative.org/
National Parks: April 1, 2009, http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=14&hid=108&sid=2dd4bdd3-326e-4ecc-bd03-e2fa40a50439%40sessionmgr14
Pollution Issues, http://www.pollutionissues.com/Fo-Hi/History.html
Reference for Business: Clean Water Act, 2010, http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/encyclopedia/Ca-Clo/Clean-Water-Act.html
Water Encyclopedia Science and Issues: http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Po-Re/Pollution-Sources-Point-and-Nonpoint.html
Please join StudyMode to read the full document