water pollution

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Water pollution is when the water in lakes, rivers, oceans, and other bodies of water is contaminated. Humans are the main cause for polluting the water.

The countries that are most affected by water pollution are:
India – The Ganges River
China – The Yellow River
Central Asia – Amu and Syr Darya Rivers
Nepals – Most of the Rivers
Pacific Islands
Australia

Water pollution affects ones physical and emotional health since without drinking water we cannot survive and if the water is polluted we cannot drink it. Water pollution affects the health of human beings directly. If the water is polluted there will be no food for humans since all plants and animals need water to survive.

The government can decrease or eliminate water pollution by creating very strict laws that help minimize the pollution. These laws have to be directed to industries, hospitals, schools and market areas on how to dispose, treat, and manage sewage. They can also educated people on the dangers of water pollution in schools and in the community.

You can decrease the water pollution problem by:
Finding out if there is water pollution where we live.
Identify, report, and stop polluters by joining a local clean water group.
Planting trees and flowers around your home if you live near a body of water.
Not throwing trash on the ground and putting it in the proper waste bin according to government laws and regulations.
Using water wisely. Turn off the tap when you are brushing your teeth or washing your body.
Not throwing chemicals, oils, paints and medicines down the sink, drain, or the toilet. This have to be properly disposed we can check with our local environment office.
Buying environmentally safe cleaning liquids that are less dangerous to the environment.
Not overusing pesticides and fertilizers, since they can go into the nearby water sources and contaminate. Consider composting or using organic manure.
Recycle used motor oil
Be “green” when washing your car. Take



References: United Nations Environment Programme website – http://www.unep.org/geo/geo3/english/286.htm Natural Resources Defense Council website – http://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/gsteps.asp

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