Water Lilies

Topics: Yeast, Water, Ethanol fuel, Ethanol / Pages: 13 (3022 words) / Published: Feb 4th, 2013
ABSTRACT There has been an increase in the demand for bio-ethanol from different countries, including the Philippines in response to the wide implementation of environment protection laws. Bio-ethanol is ethanol derived from biomass has provided a sustainable source of energy fuel for transportation without increasing environmental hazard( ganguly, Chattejee, Dey,2011). Eichhornia crassipes, water hyacinth is a lignocellulosic material which is considered as a good source of biomass. water hyacinth is compose of different fiber s: lignin, cellulose, and hemicelluloses.

INTRODUCTION Water lilies also known as water hyacinth are aquatic plants found in countries with tropical weather. It grows and multiples fast that it accumulates and hinder the flow of water and increase the accumulation of garbage in the sewage and other bodies of water, increasing pollution and flood probability. It also cause poor water circulation which destroys fish pens and kills fish due to the decay of aquatic plants.(Ani,2011) Water lilies have caused great problem in the lakes, rivers and other water ways in the country. The accumulation of water hyacinth not only increase the pollution in the water but also increased the flooding both in rural and urban communities in great effect. The branching of problems brought about by water hyacinth introduced the idea of using it as an alternative source of energy to meet the ever growing demand in energy. The biogas production could be an option in developing countries, where it is often found, requiring investments and technological skills.

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References: Abraham M, Kurup GM (1996). Bioconversion of tapioca (Manihot esculenta) waste and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) influence Abraham M, Kurup GM (1997). Pretreatment studies of cellulose wastes for optimization of cellulase enzyme activity Biotechnol. 62:201-211.Altschul SF, Madden TL, Schaffer AA, Zhang J, Zhang Z, Miller W, Lipman DJ (1997) Bernett JA, Payne RW, Yarrow D (1990). YEASTS: Characteristics and identification Hooijdonk G, Faaij A PC (2005). Ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass: techno-economic performance in short- middle- and long-term. Biomass. Bioenergy. 28: 384-410 Ingole NW, Bhole AG (2002) Sagehashi M, Miyasaka N, Shishido H, Sakoda A (2006). Superheated steam pyrolysis of biomass elemental components and Sugi Simeon C, Fur CL, Silhol M (1985). Aquatic biomass and waste treatment Masami et al. 113 Ueno R, Urano N, Suzuki M (2003)

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