Water, Environment and Sanitation

Topics: Sanitation, Water supply, Millennium Development Goals Pages: 5 (1176 words) Published: April 6, 2005
Water, environment and sanitation


The combination of safe drinking water and hygienic sanitation facilities is a precondition for health and for success in the fight against poverty, hunger, child deaths and gender inequality. UNICEF works in more than 90 countries around the world to improve water supplies and sanitation facilities in schools and communities, and to promote safe hygiene practices. All UNICEF water and sanitation programmes are designed to contribute to the Millennium Development Goal for water and sanitation: to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe water and basic sanitation. Key strategies for meeting the water, sanitation and hygiene challenges are to: „XAccelerate access to water and sanitation with particular attention to those currently not reached in both urban and rural areas. Efforts will be concentrated on improving the management and allocation of resources and ensuring that access to water and sanitation services enhances health and sustainable livelihoods for the poor. „XFocus on essential, low-cost services, ranging from household¡Vlevel services to community-based maintenance and operation systems. „XEncourage household water security by making enough water of adequate quality available year-round to ensure family survival, health and productivity, without compromising the integrity of the environment. „XStrengthen policies and institutional frameworks needed to improve sanitation, safe water supply and hygiene, and build government capacities for leadership and responsibility. „XRaise the profile of sanitation, water and improved environmental health in all political and developmental venues. „XStrengthen partnerships involving United Nations agencies (in particular with the World Health Organization and United Nations Environment Programme), development banks, government development assistance agencies and sectoral institutions such as the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and private funding foundations such as the Conrad Hilton Foundation. „XDevelop clear and measurable indicators for monitoring progress that builds on the strengths of the established WHO/UNICEF joint monitoring programme.


Promoting enabling environments

Community and household water security

Water, sanitation and education
Water and sanitation in schools

Putting girls first

Water and sanitation in emergencies
A balanced package of support
Coordinating with partners
Building on successes in emergencies
Emergency preparedness

UNICEF publications on water, sanitation and hygiene
A selection of technical, policy and advocacy documents produced by UNICEF on water, sanitation, hygiene and the environment. Includes Waterfront¡XUNICEF's newsletter on sectoral issues¡Xand the Technical Guideline Series. See also the UNICEF Publications page for additional water and sanitation-related titles. (Note that links to partner organizations on this page will open in a new window and will take you to a non-UNICEF web site.)

Latest: Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Target: a Mid-Term Assessment of Progress The latest publication from the UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme on global statistics for water and sanitation. The coverage figures - from 1990 and 2002 - show that the sanitation target of halving the number of unserved people worldwide by 2015 will not be met without a dramatic acceleration in the provision of services. [PDF or print version] [Web version]

Childhood Lead Poisoning: Information for Advocacy and Action This booklet is part of UNICEF's ongoing efforts to raise awareness of the linkages between environmental factors and the well-being of children. Childhood Lead Poisoning is published in partnership with UNEP, the United Nations Environment Programme. [PDF]

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