Water Desalination

Topics: Water supply, Drinking water, Water purification Pages: 4 (1379 words) Published: February 5, 2007
The market
Emergency point-of-use desalination/filtration is a market that caters predominately to aid organizations and NGOs during times of crises. The 2004 Official Water Assistance figures from the World Water Council stipulate a figure of 4.5 billion dollars with the basic drinking water supply and sanitation sector where EPWDF would be placed receiving 750 million dollars. Current water assistance trends are moving away from large system water supply and sanitation, from 3 billion dollars in 1993 to 1.5 billion dollars by 2002. Conversely, water assistance aid has increased as has aid in general world wide with the countries of the Official Development Assistance (ODA) contributing a total 78.6 Billion dollars in 2004 with the Organization of Economically Developed Countries (OECD) expecting a further increase in 2006. In essence, increasing investment in the water sector is a precondition to achieving the UN's Millennium Development Goals (MDG). It would cost an estimated extra US$16 billion each year to reach the Millennium Development Goals, agreed by all UN Governments, of halving the proportions of people without access to safe water and sanitation providing further growth opportunities for company and organizations focused on providing ways and means of achieving said goals. The demand for potable worldwide is tremendous. Since 1950 the world population has doubled but water consumption has increased six-fold, with over 40% of the world's population living in areas prone to water shortages. On current trends over the next 20 years humans will use 40% more water than they do now. The number of people living in water-stressed countries is projected to climb from 470 million to three billion by 2025. With only 0.008% of the planet's water readily available for human consumption and found in lakes, rivers and underground aquifers and 74% locked up in the ice glaciers and the remainder is deep underground or locked in soils as moisture or permafrost,...
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