Water Bourne Illnesses Essay

Topics: Sanitation, Immune system, Diarrhea Pages: 5 (2105 words) Published: April 11, 2013
War against and for water and its infections
Did you know that according to the http://www.wateraidamerica.org website around 783 million people in the world do not have access to safe water? This is around 11% of the world’s population. Also around 2.5 billion people in the world do not have access to proper sanitation this is about 35% of the world’s population. Did you know that around 700,000 children die every year from illnesses caused by unsafe water that’s almost 2,000 children in one day? All this and more is what this essay will inform you in. This essay is about water borne illnesses and how they can be prevented. I chose to write my essay on water borne illnesses because to me, right now the world is at war for water and sooner or later it will be at war but it will be called World War Three. Water borne illnesses are one of the leading causes in the world. Poverty stricken countries are already suffering from, this, especially with the deadliest three which are Cholera, E. coli, and Amebiasis. This essay will show you the reader how dangerous and terrifying foul water can and will be. This essay will also tell you how to end or prevent water borne illnesses. This will also show you where it is most common to find all these illnesses so you can avoid going there or regional areas. The Top Three Deadliest Water Bourne Diseases:

Amebiasis is a type of gastroenteritis (gastro) caused by a small parasite, that is called Entamoeba histolytica, which harms the bowel, claims the http://ideas.health.vic.gov website. The horrid disease of Amoebiasis can harm anyone; however, the disease mostly occurs in young to middle aged adults. A terrible fever, stomach cramps and diarrhea which may contain blood are all symptoms to Amoebiasis according to http://ideas.health.vic.gov . How does it spread one may ask? Well Amoebiasis occurs when Entamoeba histolytica parasites are taken in by a mouth and the most common way that all this happens is by a person to person spread, claims http://ideas.health.vic.gov. People who happen to have these specific parasites in their faeces if they do not wash their hands properly after going to the bathroom then their contaminated hands can spread parasites without them even knowing.

The next horrid illness is called Cholera. What is Cholera you may ask? Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease caused by an infection in the intestines that can kill even a healthy adult in a matter of hours, says the http://internationalmedicalcorps.org website. Severe watery diarrhea can surface in only two hours or up to five days after infection. Cholera is caused by ingestion of the bacterium, vibrio cholerae claims http://internationalmedicalcorps.org the infection is within fecal matter, which is consumed through foul food and or water because of poor sanitation and hygiene, like unwashed hands. And the last deadly disease I will be introducing will be Escherichia coli better known as E. coli. E. coli is a bacterium that is commonly found in the gut of warm blooded organisms. The symptoms for E. coli are extremely powerful such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, and fatigue according to http://www.medicalnewstoday.com. The four main causes of E. coli are consuming foul water, consuming contaminated food, having contact with an infected person. According to http://www.medicalnewstoday.com there are three main factors to becoming weakened towards E. coli which are diet. Consuming soft cheeses, raw milk and undercooked ground beef are all factors to becoming ill. Also as usual age, a very young person and elders have high risks of becoming ill. Also having had stomach surgery people who have had the size of their stomach surgically reduced have less stomach acid which kills a lot of bacteria. And finally immunocompromised people, which means, people who have weak immune systems such as people with AIDS (HIV), those taking immunosuppressive medications, and people who receive...
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