Waste Management

Topics: Waste management, Waste, Recycling Pages: 4 (1162 words) Published: August 23, 2013
WASTE MANAGEMENT
With a population of over 1.2 billion, rapid urbanization and modernization of India is simply inevitable. Most of the cities are under-prepared for the rapid growth, because the infrastructure lacks serious development. Waste Management has become a matter of great concern to most city corporations, and there have been some instances of management collapse even in metropolitan cities in the year 2012. All this build-up took place within a single decade, which is why many corporations have awakened to the rude shock. There has been an unpredictable increase in both industrial and domestic wastes.  The government and corporations have now taken cognizant of things that require immediate attention, and a lot of funds have been diverted to various waste management projects. Municipal waste is very different from the rural waste, which mostly comprises of agricultural and organic matter. Moreover, the total waste is rural areas is dispersed across a wider land area, which makes it more manageable. Since the urban population is obviously multiple folds more than the rural population, waste management becomes a very challenging task. Waste Management was conveniently done by dumping waste in rural areas, which then gave rise to a bigger menace of ‘pollution sinks’. Residential and commercial wastes are mostly in semisolid and solid forms. Even the bio-medical wastes, which have been treated fall into this category. Industrial waste on the other hand is not included in this category. Municipal solid waste management is quite a complex process, which clearly means a lot of investment in infrastructure, technology, and planning. It means efficiently handling:

* Institutional waste
* Dead animals waste at slaughter houses
* Demolition and construction wastes
* Wastes which gets accumulated on the roads
* Waste derived from horticultural processes
* Treated bio-medical waste
* Waste due to drains and outlets
* Sludge from...
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