1. Warehouses—Introduction , types
A warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods. It has loading docks to load and unload goods from trucks. Warehouses are used by manufacturers, importers, exporters, wholesalers, transport businesses, customs, etc. A warehouse has cranes and forklifts for moving goods.
Multi modal transport entails movement of goods in containers by multiple modes of transportation. A container may shift from road to rail to sea and back to rail or road in its journey from origin to destination. So where does a warehouse come into the picture? A warehouse comes into the picture when we extend the concept of multimodal transportation to Logistics, that is, when we get inside the container to the cargo and provide wherewithal for various processes , other than manufacturing, that need to be undertaken on the cargo . A warehouse may therefore be required for a variety of purposes. Each yields a warehouse of a different type, with different design specifications.
The cargo inside a container is custom bonded , in case the consignment is meant for import or export . In such a case, customs will require a warehouse where they can examine the cargo . A warehouse of this kind is designed to cater to cargo contained in a standard ISO container . The size is determined by the quantum of business planned to be transacted . The floor height , numbers of docks, slots inside the warehouse are all attuned to custom bonded cargo arriving and leaving in containers . In fact, portions of the warehouse have to be segregated for exports , imports and bonded cargo ( long stay cargo that is cleared by customers in parts so that customs duty gets paid in parts rather than in one go ) . A warehouse of this type is governed by the Indian Customs Act 1962 .
Section 45 of the Act specifies as follows : Restrictions on custody and removal of imported goods. – 1.