WAR

Topics: World War II, United States, World War I Pages: 8 (1680 words) Published: January 23, 2015

WAR
By: Michael Najmulski

Historically, war has been the leading solution for solving conflicts globally. Though combat tactics have become increasingly more sophisticated over many centuries. The ability to affect and change the world through war stayed the same. All the while, the mentality of the public has become increasingly dissociative, and people have less interest on a large scare. From World War I until now, war has constantly evolved, and support has constantly fluctuated. During World War I, combat tactics were still being used that were developed during the Civil War. In the past, armies would line up in large formations of soldiers and face one another exchanging fire until one side either surrendered, fled the battlefield, or were gunned down. Along with the formations of troops, cannons were in the background providing support fire with devastating effects. Due to the technological enhancements like advanced rifling in small arms and more accurate cannons, armies that used traditional formation style combat suffered from catastrophic losses. To combat these losses a new tactic was born, trench warfare. If a soldier wanted to lower their chances of being shot by an enemy rifle or blown up by an enemy cannon, they would simply get lower to the ground in order to present a smaller target. The idea of digging a trench for a soldier to use for concealment changed how battles would be fought forever. This concept was still used during WWI, however, with this particular type of tactic time played a huge factor. It took soldiers so long to dig the trenches that advancing front lines moved at a snail’s pace. In one area, the losses from a battle could be in the numbers of 200,000 with the front lines only being shifted about half a mile. Although WWI was dubbed the war to end all wars, WWI provided the first of many things. When a new combat tactic is implemented, another must be created to counter. Because of trench warfare and how difficult it was to infiltrate enemy lines, the first tanks were created to help provide mobile cover for soldiers to traverse the battlefield. The first aircraft were developed into fighter aircraft to help keep scout planes from revealing friendly positions. The airplanes were not yet big enough to travel long distances so the first carriers were built to help minimize the amount of flight time needed for aircraft to reach their targets, as well as provide security on the trade routes. Although WWI had a very large death toll for every country involved, support for the United States Armed Forces by its people were not lacking. About 90 percent of the American population in some way showed support towards its Military fighting the war. With this rising patriotism from the people, many American’s volunteered for the service. Their number, however, were too small to build the large army needed to fight the war so on June 5, 1917, President Wilson called on all males ages twenty-one to thirty-one to register for the draft. Due to the devastation caused by WWI, Europe was rapidly destabilizing, and in many respects Word War II grew from all of the issues that were left unresolved, in particular the political and economic instability in Germany. The type of technology used and developed during WWI help determine how WWII would be fought. Tanks became faster, bigger, and stronger and were constantly being developed to try and out do the opposition. Planes became faster, flew higher, and delivered a larger payload on targets to help combat the armored vehicles on the ground. Ships became larger, carried more firepower, and developed new technologies to help identify if enemy submarines were near. With all of these technologies advancing in power and capabilities, trench warfare became less useful or relied upon. Tactics had to be changed in order to compete with the new war machines. The best way to attack your opponent would be to hit them when they least expect...


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