Topics: Wal-Mart, Discount store, Supermarket Pages: 29 (16410 words) Published: March 19, 2013
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (NYSE: WMT ( ), branded as Walmart, is an American multinational retail corporation that runs chains of large discount department stores and warehouse stores. The company is the world's third largest public corporation, according to the Fortune Global 500 list in 2012, the biggest private employer in the world with over two million employees, and is the largest retailer in the world. Walmart remains a family-owned business, as the company is controlled by the Walton family, who own a 48 percent stake in Walmart.[5][6] It is also one of the world's most valuable companies.[7] The company was founded by Sam Walton in 1962, incorporated on October 31, 1969, and publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange in 1972. It is headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas. Walmart is also the largest grocery retailer in the United States. In 2009, it generated 51 percent of its US$258 billion sales in the U.S. from grocery business.[8] It also owns and operates the Sam's Club retail warehouses in North America.[9][10] Walmart has 8,500 stores in 15 countries, under 55 different names.[11] The company operates under the Walmart name in the United States, including the 50 states and Puerto Rico. It operates in Mexico as Walmex, in the United Kingdom as Asda, in Japan as Seiyu, and in India as Best Price. It has wholly owned operations in Argentina, Brazil, and Canada. Walmart's investments outside North America have had mixed results: its operations in the United Kingdom, South America, and China are highly successful, whereas ventures in Germany and South Korea were unsuccessful.

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

Walmart logo, used since June 30, 2008 Type Traded as Public NYSE: WMT ( ticker=wmt) Dow Jones Industrial Average Component S&P 500 Component Industry Founded Founder(s) Retail 1962 Sam Walton

Headquarters Bentonville, Arkansas, United States 36°21!51"N 094°12!59"W Number of locations Area served Key people Products 8,970 (2011) Worldwide S. Robson Walton, Chairman Mike Duke, President/CEO Apparel/footwear specialty, cash & carry/warehouse club, discount store, hypermarket/supercenter/superstore, supermarket US$ 446.950 billion (2012)[1] US$ 26.558 billion (2012)[1] US$ 15.699 billion (2012)[1] US$ 193.406 billion (2012)[1] US$ 71.315 billion (2012)[1] Walton family 2.2 million (2012)[1] Walmart Canada Asda, Sam's Club, Seiyu Group, Walmex Wal-Mart ( ( References: [2][3][4]

Revenue Operating income Net income Total assets Total equity Owner(s) Employees Divisions Subsidiaries Website

1 History 1.1 Early years (1945–1969) 1.2 Incorporation and growth (1969–2005) 1.3 Initiatives (2005–present) 2 Operating divisions 2.1 Walmart Stores U.S. 2.1.1 Walmart Discount Stores 2.1.2 Walmart Supercenter 2.1.3 Walmart Market 2.1.4 Supermercado de Walmart 2.1.5 Walmart Express 2.2 Sam's Club 2.3 Walmart International 2.4 Vudu 2.5 Private label brands 2.6 Entertainment 3 Corporate affairs 3.1 Finance and governance

3.2 Competition 3.3 Customer base 3.4 Economic impact 3.5 Employee and labor relations 3.6 Gender and sexual orientation 3.7 Logos 4 See also 4.1 Television and film 4.2 Other 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

Main article: History of Walmart

Early years (1945–1969)
In 1945 a businessman and former J. C. Penney employee, Sam Walton, purchased a branch of the Ben Franklin Stores from the Butler Brothers.[12] Sam's focus was on selling products at low prices to get higher-volume sales at a lower-profit margin. He portrayed it as a crusade for the consumer. He experienced setbacks, because the lease price and branch purchase were unusually high, but he was able to find lower-cost suppliers than the ones used by other stores. He...
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