Topics: Simple living, Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson Pages: 5 (1851 words) Published: March 30, 2013
Ⅰ. Introduction
‘Walden’ is a novel written by Henry David Thoreau, American famous author in1854. Thoreau is known for transcendentalism, simple living, and his strong political views. Thoreau has made a great contribution to improve people’s perception toward lives especially with the world-famous book Walden, or life in the woods. Written in a clear and direct language, Walden gives the image of the essence of life which can be found in the harmony with the nature. In literature, transcendental writers put a great emphasis on the spiritual essence of the individual along with the self-reliance. In Thoreau’s Warden, Warden Pond was the right place where Thoreau could find the life’s real meaning for himself. Walden details Thoreau's experiences over the course of two years in a cabin he built near Walden Pond. The book ‘Walden’ is composed of 18 chapter. Through Walden, by making food and live in poverty for oneself, despite being uncomfortable Thoreau judge that industrial capitalism and materialism not only make human unhappy but also are cause which destroys nature. In a sense, Thoreau’s life near Walden Pond is not escape from modern civilization but attempt to return original life. Reversion to primitive life doesn’t mean regression of savage life as a negative meaning. Negative perceptions about primitive life have started with regarding civilization as the greatest of virtue. By simple and primitive woods life, Thoreau lived a new life that was not interrupted by old custom. He also, while he lived in woods for two years, he had an opportunity to take time for introspection self-examination. Thoreau considered that primitive life can be a solution to unchain human in slave of civilization. Thoreau loved simple life, regarded solitude as positive feeling and proved to solve the all problem of his survival and his existence through nature. In Body, I will divide three part which show Thoreau’s life ; simple way of living, solitude, and nature. Ⅱ. Body

1. Simple way of living
Thoreau constantly said that we should throw away greed in Walden. Thoreau’s principal emphasizing simple life is improper principal in his time, because the world was changing industrial society. Thoreau’s austere principal is unsocial concept ignoring traditional concept - ‘Human is social existence’. In fact, living in woods such as Thoreau seems to look like monk who giving up everything. However, nowadays the number of people who return to farming increases more than before. This phenomenon gives us important message. In our society, products and services that promote personal well-being are all the rage. People increasingly want to return to nature. Returning to nature is considered very valuable because hectic social life made people feel miserable.

Thoreau realizes that clothing, shelter, food and fuel were the only necessities for survival, thus resolutely abandoning everything he considers superfluous. Thoreau stays at Walden pond for two years, aiming for simplicity, solitude, and ultimately, spiritual perfection. He uses nature as both the setting and the main subject of Walden. Thoreau conveys transcendentalist lessons using symbols of nature, such as Walden pond, creatures at the pond, and earthly cycles. Thoreau tells the reader that he considered purchasing a farm in Concord for many years, however, he decides against it because he does not wish to complicate his life with financial ties. Thoreau built house himself and cultivated plants himself to eat foods. So, he was financially independent. Thoreau’s such lifestyle depending on individual capabilities such as primitive agriculture has affected modern society. People are so deeply obsessed with material success that they fulfill their desires at the expense of something spiritual. Thoreau tries to be satisfied with an appropriate amount of food and clothing. In addition to a suitable amount of food, Thoreau maintains that eating meat at our daily meal is...
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