Voltaire’s Candide

Powerful Essays
The Human Tissue Act 65 of 1983 regulates all aspects regarding organ transplants. This
Act was last amended in 1989. Since then medical science has developed so big in size and to such an extent that organ transplants today are almost routine operations in many hospitals. Unfortunately the current methods of procuring human organs are not supplying the demand. A new approach, the commercialization of human organs for transplantation is a possibility with the potential to supply one hundred per cent of the demand for organs. There are however many arguments against the commercialization of human organs. Ethical aspects concerning commercialization of human organs also need to be investigated, in order to reach a conclusion that it is not unethical and is worth being investigated. Either organ transplants works out for the good or not that 's the question that need to be solved (Transplantation of Human Act 1994)?

Despite stringent and fine tuned laws most jurisdictions are not able to edge organ trafficking. Nor are they able to provide organs to the needy. There are reports of the kidnapping and murder of children and adults to “harvest” their organs. Millions of people they say are suffering, not because the organs are not available but because
“morality” does not allow them to have access to the organs. Arguments against organ sale are grounded in to two broad considerations: (1) sale is contrary to human dignity, and (2) sale violates equity. Both these objections are examined in this article and it is concluded that they reflect a state of moral paternalism rather than pragmatism. It is argued that a live human body constitutes a vital source of supply of organs and tissues and that the possibilities of its optimum utilisation should be explored.
Commercialisation should be curbed not by depriving a needy person of his genuine requirements but by making the enforcement agencies efficient (Smith 2011).

In the year

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Voltaire's Candide

    • 1579 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Ali Haydu Candide Analysis Francois-Marie Arouet, better known as Voltaire, was destined to have a long and prosperous literary career. His influence was so great during the eighteenth century, that some historians call it the century of Voltaire. His usage of irony, satire, theme, and allegory has shaped the literary world, and many historians have studied the style of Voltaire’s writing. Voltaire was one of the most well-known Philosophes and author of the eighteenth century. His works, like…

    • 1579 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    1. In the very first chapter Candide is literally kicked out of the “most beautiful and delightful of possible castles,” expelled from an “earthly paradise.” At the end of the novel, he says “we must cultivate our garden.” What is Voltaire suggesting by framing his story in this way and by echoing the Biblical story of the Fall? 2. Why does Candide select Martin to be his travel companion? How do Martin’s views differ from Pangloss'? Offer specific details in the two philosophers’ outlooks—yes…

    • 426 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Voltaire – Candide In Voltaire’s Candide, he makes his views on society very clear and obvious. Using satire, Voltaire pokes fun—for the lack of a better word—at the views and philosophies of his time. Voltaire uses different characters to represent different ideologies and their reactions to events in the story to represent ways in which their ideologies fail to effectively solve problems; as a satirical strategy, Voltaire exaggerates different parties’ reactions and encourages the reader to laugh…

    • 1088 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    As I know from reading Candide, some of the members of Candide’s group and Candide, decide to go to a garden and make it their own. They decide it would be best for all of them if they worked on it every day to occupy their time because they were very bored with nothing to do all day long. appalling because Candide and the other members just went through very terrible things in their last adventures and have seen the pain and misery of the world but still choose to work in their garden. In this essay…

    • 907 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    On the surface, Voltaire’s Candide seems to be about every stupidity, every transgression, and every immoral act conceivable to man. It is a satirical and absurd look at life and religion. It makes a mockery of organized religious institutions and leaders. The hypocrisy of the actions of these leaders makes the reader wonder if Voltaire is against every religious order and even God, or is it simply the hypocrisy he abhors. In examining this book, it is a satirical way of looking at the hypocrisy…

    • 1196 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    and ideas in '"Candide." Most noticeably, he attacks religious intolerance, greed, and the denial of love. In the beginning of the novel, after Candide is kicked from his castle, he flees from between attacking armies to where he meets an orator. The man had been giving a speech on charity, and addresses Candide as "my friend." Once he finds that Candide does not 'believe the Pope to be antichrist,' however, his attitude changes. He soon forgets his teachings and insults Candide as a "wretch" and…

    • 824 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    outlook on the world than one another. During Voltaire’s lifetime, an ideological revolution was taking place. During this period new ideas and beliefs about the universe came to be. These ideas were then argued and pondered by the intellectuals of society. Voltaire was one of the largest contributors to this ideological revolution, a shift in paradigm which would later come to be known as…

    • 1214 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Throughout Candide, the main theme concentrated on optimism. However, did not possess the same definition we practice today. Optimism, during Voltaire’s era, was derived from Leibniz philosophy interpreted as, “the best of all possible worlds.” (Candide, p. xiv) Since God was perfect He must have created a perfect world. On the other hand, redemption centers on the attempt to put right what once went wrong. All through, Candide, Pangloss lived by and mentored Candide according to the optimism…

    • 210 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    well as my own. As opposed to the interactive oral two weeks ago, Friday’s discussion highly emphasized the contextual considerations versus cultural. One main emphasis of the discussion, contextually, was the purpose of the main characters within Candide. Voltaire makes use of several archetypes within the novel, such as the hero’s journey, the wise elder(s), and the sidekick. Two of the wise elders, Martin and Pangloss,…

    • 327 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Candide is a challenging book to read and analyze because the novel does not follow the writing style of a novel today. Despite this, the interactive oral was successful. My understanding of contextual and cultural considerations, including how and why certain characters partake in particular activities, expanded through the discussion. The discussion centered on who Candide, the main character, is. We concluded that Candide represents naivety. Developing Candide’s innocence and sheltering it,…

    • 325 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays