viti levu essay

Topics: Animal, Plant, Organism Pages: 6 (3671 words) Published: October 31, 2014

Makuluva Field trip reflection
Arishma chandS11099150
Heading to Makuluva reef islet
The trip to Makuluva reef Islet was a really exciting and exhausting trip for me as it empowers me to learn new concepts concerning the terrestrial and marine organisms that are found in the islet. Also I got learn a lot of new flora and fauna species and its scientific terms that I had in my course of study. Before we board, the boat we were told by the capital to put on our life jacket for our own safety. I was very nervous as it was my first time to travel on an open boat. On our way to Makuluva reef Islet, I was really excited as it was my first time to go to one of the islet. The sea was very smooth as the weather was good as well. On our way to Makuluva islet we also saw one more island named Nukulau reef islet which was occupied by some people. The look of the islet from the ocean was very attractive as it was surrounded by trees and all the grasses were well trimmed as if it was a tourist site. Moreover another interesting thing that I encounter before we reached our destination was an islet-like full of only sand and no trees were found. Suddenly it came in my mind that it was the result of the deposition of many sand to form up a pile of sand or a raised bank over the sea. Throughout my journey to Makuluva islet was an interesting trip. After arriving on Makuluva reef islet.

As we arrived the Makuluva reef islet, we found a lot of cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria is also known as Cyanophyta, is a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis and the name "cyanobacteria" comes from the colour of the bacteria. “They are often called blue-green algae, lying along the leeward coast of the islet where there is less wind or the opposite area of the windward coast (the coast where the wind usually blow towards and normally many dispersed species or wind dispersal often takes place there this include the animals and plants deposit and that is due to the direction of the wind and the ocean current dispersal. An example of the plants that are being dispersed by water is a coconut where fibrous husk of the coconut helps it float on water and flow along with the current to another area. The smell of the dispersed coconut was willing causing us to vomit as the smell was not good. We tried to ignore the new experience and wait for the one who is in charge for leading our field trip that morning. For the period of our waiting we learned that the cyanobacteria were the micro-habitat of anthropods that is baby flies flying over the dead seaweed. Before we begin our observation, I took a closer look or observe the islet and I found out that the islet is located off the southeast coast of Viti Levu where the capital of Fiji is located. The islet also lies in a North-south direction and it is not too far from Nukulau islet maybe about a kilometre long. It is also surrounded by the fringing intertidal reef. I also got to learn that it consist a type of island and reef which has a small unjoined barrier reef or a sand cay islet. The estimated elevation of the islet is 1.25km above sea level. Moreover the scene of the islet is it has giant forest or canopy layers of herbaceous plants (is a plant that has leaves and stems that die down at the end of the growing season to the soil level) .Examples of herbaceous plants found on the islet includes Para grass, beach morning glory and so forth. Also we found out that there are some of the plants which are not native plants but introduced plants and we realised that it was dispersed by bird/fruit bat dispersal where avifauna do the dispersing this is known as the endozoochory which is under the zoochory modes of transport as there are hardly any visitors coming into the islet as it is very uncomfortable because there is no available shelter found on the island. The introduced plants that are found on the island have light fruit that can easily be digested by birds and can be easily...

Bibliography: Allen, G.R. and steene, R.1994. Indo- Pacific coral reef guide. Tropical Reef Research, Singapore.Cox, C.B. and Moore, P.D.2010. Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach. 8th edition.Blackwell, Science, Oxford.Levine, Carol. 1995. A guide to wildflowers in winter: herbaceous plants of northeastern North America. New Haven: Yale University Press. Page 1.Ruppert, E. E., R. S. Fox & R. D. Barnes (2004), Invertebrate Zoology (7th ed.), Brooks/Cole, ISBN 0-03-025982-7 Schnitzer, S.A. and F. Bongers (2002). The ecology of lianas and their role in forests. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 223-230.
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