Vitamins and Minerals

Topics: Vitamin, Vitamin C, Nutrition Pages: 6 (971 words) Published: September 2, 2013
Vitamins and minerals :are often called micronutrient because body needs only small amount of them.
Vita-life
Amine-containing nitrogen
Vitamins are the organic compounds which enhance the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. •Without vitamins the breakdown of food could not occur. •vitamins are participate in the formation of blood cells hormones nervous system and genetic material

Classification of vitamins: Fat soluble vitamins , *Water soluble vitamins Fat soluble vitamins
All the fat soluble vitamins are available in fat containing food materials and some vegetables. Vitamin-A Vitamin-D Vitamin-E Vitamin-K
Water soluble vitamins
These are the vitamins, which are soluble in the water and almost all the water soluble, vitamins are available in water based food materials. •Vitamin-B
Vitamin-C
Fat soluble vit.
Vit A (retinol)
Function: Supports vision, skin, bone and tooth growth, immunity and reproduction. Sources: fish, carrots,cod liver oil
Deficiency: nyctalopia (blindness)
Exophthalmia(dryness of the eyes)
VITAMIN D (calceferol)

Bone making and maintenance.
Assist in the absorption of dietary calcium.
The body can synthesize it with the help of sunlight.
Helps to make Ca and P available in the blood.
Sources: egg, soya beans, cod-liver oil, sunlight
Deficiency: Osteomalacia (softening of the bone), rickets (softening of the bone) Vitamins E (TOCOPHEROL)
FUNCTION: Fat soluble anti-oxidant.It protect other substances from oxidation by being oxidized itself. Tocopherol is the most active and abundant one.
Vit E as an antioxidant.

SOURCES: CORN, NUTS,OLIVES,GREEN
LEAFY VEGETABLES

DEFICEINCY: Mild hemolytic anemia
VITAMINS K
FUNCTION: anti-sterity , BLOOD CLOTHING
Bone health
-work with vitamins D to regulate calcium
Sources: Cabbage,cauliflower
spinach,egg yolk,liver
DEFICEINCY: Bleeding

Water soluble vit.
PRODUCE ENERGY (Vit.B1 (thiamin) ,B2 (riboflavin ,B3 (niacin),B5 (pantothenic acid),B7 (biotin)) •BUILD PROTEIN AND CELL( Vit.B6 (pyridoxine),B9 (folic acid),B12 (cyanacobalamine)) •MAKE COLLAGEN (VIT. C OR ascorbic acid)

Vit. B COMPLEX
Any of a group of substances (the vitamin B complex) that are essential for the working of certain enzymes in the body. VIT.B1(THIAMIN)
*Supports energy metabolism and nerve function.
Whole grain and legumes
Beriberi(impairment of the nerves and heart)
Vit. B2(RIFOFLAVIN)
*Supports energy metabolism, normal vision and skin health. •Egg, cheese, milk, yogurt
Inflammation of the tongue and fissures in the corner of the mouth Vit. B3 (NIACIN)
*Supports energy metabolism, skin health, nervous system and digestive system. •peanuts,cereals,legulmes
pellagra and skin infections
VIT. B5 (Pantothenic acid)
Supports energy metabolism
liver,kidney and
dairy products
Paresthesia (ABNORMAL SENSATION)
VIT. B6(Pyridoxine)
Amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, red blood cell production •Beans, legumes, nuts,
eggs, meats
Fish breads and cereals
Convulsion in infant and anemia
VIT. B7 ((Biotin)
*Energy metabolism, fat synthesis, amino acid metabolism, glycogen synthesis •raw eggs,egg yolk
Dermatitis and enteritis
VIT. B9( FOLATE ACID)
*Supports DNA synthesis and new cell formation
fruits,green
leafy vegetables
megaloblastic anaemia
birth defects in new born
VIT.B12(CYANACOBALAMINE)
*Used in new cell synthesis, helps break down fatty acids and amino acids, supports nerve cell maintenance •Eggs, milks, meat,
oyster and
poultry
perinicious anaemia-is decrease in red blood cell that occurs when intestines cannot properly absorb vit. B12 •megaloblastic anaemia

VITAMINS C (ASCORBIC ACID)
An essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The body requires vitamin C to form and maintain...
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