Vitamins and minerals :are often called micronutrient because body needs only small amount of them.
Vitamins are the organic compounds which enhance the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. •
Without vitamins the breakdown of food could not occur. •
vitamins are participate in the formation of blood cells hormones nervous system and genetic material
Classification of vitamins: Fat soluble vitamins , *Water soluble vitamins Fat soluble vitamins
All the fat soluble vitamins are available in fat containing food materials and some vegetables. Vitamin-A Vitamin-D Vitamin-E Vitamin-K
Water soluble vitamins
These are the vitamins, which are soluble in the water and almost all the water soluble, vitamins are available in water based food materials. •
Fat soluble vit.
Vit A (retinol)
Function: Supports vision, skin, bone and tooth growth, immunity and reproduction. Sources: fish, carrots,cod liver oil
Deficiency: nyctalopia (blindness)
Exophthalmia(dryness of the eyes)
VITAMIN D (calceferol)
Bone making and maintenance.
Assist in the absorption of dietary calcium.
The body can synthesize it with the help of sunlight.
Helps to make Ca and P available in the blood.
Sources: egg, soya beans, cod-liver oil, sunlight
Deficiency: Osteomalacia (softening of the bone), rickets (softening of the bone) Vitamins E (TOCOPHEROL)
FUNCTION: Fat soluble anti-oxidant.It protect other substances from oxidation by being oxidized itself. Tocopherol is the most active and abundant one.
Vit E as an antioxidant.
SOURCES: CORN, NUTS,OLIVES,GREEN
DEFICEINCY: Mild hemolytic anemia
FUNCTION: anti-sterity , BLOOD CLOTHING
-work with vitamins D to regulate calcium
Water soluble vit.
PRODUCE ENERGY (Vit.B1 (thiamin) ,B2 (riboflavin ,B3 (niacin),B5 (pantothenic acid),B7 (biotin)) •
BUILD PROTEIN AND CELL( Vit.B6 (pyridoxine),B9 (folic acid),B12 (cyanacobalamine)) •
MAKE COLLAGEN (VIT. C OR ascorbic acid)
Vit. B COMPLEX
Any of a group of substances (the vitamin B complex) that are essential for the working of certain enzymes in the body. VIT.B1(THIAMIN)
*Supports energy metabolism and nerve function.
Whole grain and legumes
Beriberi(impairment of the nerves and heart)
*Supports energy metabolism, normal vision and skin health. •
Egg, cheese, milk, yogurt
Inflammation of the tongue and fissures in the corner of the mouth Vit. B3 (NIACIN)
*Supports energy metabolism, skin health, nervous system and digestive system. •
pellagra and skin infections
VIT. B5 (Pantothenic acid)
Supports energy metabolism
Paresthesia (ABNORMAL SENSATION)
Amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, red blood cell production •
Beans, legumes, nuts,
Fish breads and cereals
Convulsion in infant and anemia
VIT. B7 ((Biotin)
*Energy metabolism, fat synthesis, amino acid metabolism, glycogen synthesis •
raw eggs,egg yolk
Dermatitis and enteritis
VIT. B9( FOLATE ACID)
*Supports DNA synthesis and new cell formation
birth defects in new born
*Used in new cell synthesis, helps break down fatty acids and amino acids, supports nerve cell maintenance •
Eggs, milks, meat,
perinicious anaemia-is decrease in red blood cell that occurs when intestines cannot properly absorb vit. B12 •
VITAMINS C (ASCORBIC ACID)
An essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The body requires vitamin C to form and maintain...
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