Here are some tips:
Heading: includes the name of the artists, artwork, date, medium, size of art work.
In writing a formal analysis or visual analysis paper, the most important thing to remember is that you are talking about visual elements and not underlying content, such as what the artist might have wanted to “say” through his work. Also, no personal opinion, please!!!
When you first approach the art object, take plenty of time to note down all the visual details of its form that you can. As you look carefully, you will begin to sense an overall organization in the work of art.
As you are looking, consider:
Medium (what the object is made of):
Be attentive to particular kinds of elements such as brushstroke, layering, finger mark, or other ways in which the artist handled the substance that forms the object. Technique (how the object was made):
Notice whether the object was drawn, painted, engraved, carved, cast, etc., and how the artist carried out those processes. Size: Is it large or small, what are the dimensions.
Composition (the arrangement of elements in the work):
Is there a focal point? Is the composition crowded, open, varied, or repetitious? How does your viewpoint affect the work? Space: Which methods are used to create space, or is there a denial of space? How does the object relate to the space around it?
When writing, try to express what you see with as much precision as possible. Remember the following formal terminology: Color: Elements of color
Intensity OR Saturation
Local color, Optical color, Arbitrary color
Line: Uses of line
relative light and darkness in the work, implied light or light source, etc.
Space: Methods for creating space in a 2-D object
Figure vs. Ground
Reduction in scale (but remember exceptions to this convention) Foreshortening
Atmospheric Perspective: "Blueing out",...
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