Veterninary Profession

Topics: Veterinary medicine, Veterinarian, Medicine Pages: 6 (1826 words) Published: August 25, 2013
A veterinarian is a physician who has been educated and trained by an accredited institution to diagnose and treat diseases and injuries in animals. Veterinarians care for companion animals (e.g., dogs, cats, birds, ferrets, rabbits), horses, production animals (e.g., dairy and beef cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry), aquatic, and zoo animals. Veterinarians vaccinate, administer medication, perform surgeries, and provide general health care for animals. Your veterinarian can advise you on every aspect of your animal's health, including diet and exercise, interaction with other animals and family members, preventive measures to ensure your animal's health, and ways to address illness and injury. Veterinarians are critical in preventing the transmission of animal diseases to people, and by maintaining the health of food animals, keep our food supply clean and safe. Veterinarians may perform biomedical research (i.e., genomics, cellular mechanisms, cancer biology) and/or serve as faculty at colleges or universities. Today’s veterinarians are the only doctors educated to protect the health of both animals and people. They work hard to address the health needs of every species of animal and they also play a critical role in environmental protection, food safety, animal welfare and public health.

History of the Animal Medical Center
The Animal Medical Center began in 1906 as the brainchild of Ellin Prince Speyer when she founded the Women’s Auxiliary to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Believing that there were, “branches of humane work especially suited for women,” Ellin and her friends developed their organization as a way to supplement the activities of the male-dominated ASPCA. The first major activity organized by the Women’s Auxiliary was the Work Horse Parade. Held on Memorial Day in 1907, the parade encouraged streetcar drivers, peddlers and other horse owners to treat their animals better. Thousands turned out for the event forecasting a bright future for the organization that would one day become the Animal Medical Center.

Spurred by their initial successes, in 1909 the Women’s Auxiliary set out to establish a dispensary and out-patient clinic for all animals whose owners could not afford to pay for medical treatment. The clinic opened in 1910 on the Lower East Side in the heart of New York’s largest poor and immigrant section. Several veterinarians volunteered their services on a part-time basis while Auxiliary members and friends donated money and resources. The clinic treated 6,028 animals in the first full year. By 1910, the Women’s Auxiliary had grown to more than 120 members and had established itself as a strong force in the humane movement separate from the ASPCA. On May 12, 1910 Auxiliary members officially separated when they incorporated themselves as the New York Women’s League for Animals. Meanwhile, the animals needing treatment at the Lower East Side clinic were increasing significantly each year.  It was decided that the newly-founded New York Women’s League for Animals would raise the funds for a permanent animal hospital that was better staffed and equipped to treat more animals.

The new animal hospital opened in 1914, just down the street from the original clinic’s location. The hospital was a new, three-story building equipped with offices, an examination room, a reception room, an emergency room for horses, operating rooms, a padded stall for horses, isolation wards, quarters for birds, and an apartment for resident veterinarian, Dr. Bruce Blair, and his assistants. By 1920, the hospital was treating well over 9000 patients annually. The hospital faced difficult times through the 20s and 30s, beginning in 1921 when founder and president, Ellin Prince Speyer passed away. The Great Depression caused an explosion of sick and abandoned animals, as well as a rise in owners who could no longer afford to pay for their pet’s care and treatment. Somehow, the League met this...
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