IQRA UNIVERSITY (IUGC), Karachi, Pakistan
SIMPLIFIED REPORT: RESEARCHING QUR’AN AND AHADEETH ON DISHONESTY
Dishonesty means an act of cheating, stealing, or untruthfulness. The Holy Quran deals with various forms of dishonesty in separate ayahs. Three of the ayahs related to different types of dishonesty are as follows:
i) Dishonesty as bribery:
“And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.” Explanation: In this ayah Allah forbids all Muslims from bribery which are mostly given to the people in an authority to have the work done easily. Allah orders not only to save our own money but also not to let greedy rich people know about the property of our fellowmen. Dishonesty or bribery in any form whether giving false evidence in a trial or telling lies all are haram.
ii) Dishonesty in fidelity (Amanah):
“O ye who believe ! Betray not Allah and His messenger, nor knowingly betray your trusts.” Explanation : In this ayah betraying Allah and His messenger means to change or fabricate the ayahs of the Holy Quran and ahadeeth to deceit Muslims to spread fasad among them or accepting Islam for their own benefits i.e. to harm His madhab. Allah also binds all Muslims to return the things or property of their fellowmen as they have trusted u so it is our duty to return their trust.
iii) Dishonesty in dealings:
“Fill the measure when ye measure, and weigh with a right balance; that is meet, and better in the end.” Explanation: Allah is pointing towards dishonesty in business or trade. He asks Muslims to measure correctly and while weighting, place the balance at a leveled surface so that it measures right. This is good for Muslims in the world as they will prosper by the grace of almighty Allah and they shall also be awarded in the hereafter.
b) SAHIH HADITH:
Narrated Masruq: Abdullah bin 'Amr mentioned Allah's Apostle saying that he was neither a Fahish nor a Mutafahish. Abdullah bin 'Amr added, Allah's Apostle said, “The best among you are those who have the best manners and character.” Explanation: In this hadeeth Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) has declared that good manners and moral of a person is the top most quality of a Muslim. The word manners include all the things from etiquettes to relationships with kiths and kins (Haquq-ul-ebad). And the word character includes his good deeds (Haquq Allah) due to which he has a good character.
c) DAEEF HADITH:
Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his progeny) has said: "Those people from amongst my ummah, who memorize forty hadith (traditions) pertaining to those issues of religion, which they are in need of, Allah shall resurrect them on the Day of Judgment as jurisprudents and scholars." This hadith, guiding Muslims to memorize 40 hadith in order to be among scholars and fuqaha in qiyamah is a daeef hadith because the chain of people through which it has been recorded (isnaad) is not saheeh. According to Al-Bayhaqi this hadeeth is well known among people but is regarded as daeef because of three reasons: a) It has no saheeh isnaad.
b) Despite its large number of isnaads they do not support one another. c) There are many different versions of this hadeeth with different wordings, such as, “…Allaah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection among the fuqaha and scholars,” and “… Allaah will resurrect him a scholar and a faqeeh,” and “…I will be an intercessor and a witness for him on the Day of Resurrection,” etc.
[ 1 ]. The Holy Quran, translated by Fateh Muhammad Jallindhri (2:18) [ 2 ]. The Holy Quran, , translated by Fateh Muhammad Jallindhri (8:27) [ 3 ]. The Holy Quran, , translated by Fateh Muhammad Jallindhri (17:34) [ 4 ]. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, Number 56
[ 5 ]. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 2, pg. 156; Al-Ikhtasaas, pg.2