A person’s diet is directly correlated to health benefits or health disadvantages. There have been many studies that explain the incidence of certain health risks when compared with factors such as smoking, marriage, children, and whether one is working or not. There are four main diets: meat-eater, fish-eater, vegetarian and vegan. A meat-eater is someone who eats anything with no restrictions. A fish-eater is a person that does not eat meat but do eat fish and animal bi-products, such as dairy and eggs. Vegetarians do not eat fish nor meat but do consume animal bi-products. Vegans do not eat any fish, meat, or animal bi-products. Each diet has its own benefits and disadvantages; some may be a little more expensive while others are a bit more fattening. From the gathered information, it seems that a meat-eater diet is the worst to follow out of the 4. Although there are a few upsides to a meat-eaters diet, they are easily replaceable through supplements or increased consumption of other foods. One benefit is that a meat-eater has the highest intake of zinc, which is essential to the immune system and cell metabolism. By eating nuts, beans, dairy products, lentils and seeds, especially pumpkin seeds, zinc can be easily replaced within the body. A second benefit would be that they have the highest intake of vitamin A, which is a critical vitamin necessary for vision and the maintenance of certain organs by controlling cell growth. Some ways to increase a deficiency of vitamin A in the body would be to eat more fruits and vegetables, dairy products, eggs, and the oils in fish. A third benefit of a meat-eater diet is that it has the percent energy from protein. By increasing your intake of certain sea animals, like cod or oysters, eggs, milk, peanut butter and cheddar cheese, there should be more than enough energy available through protein. A fourth benefit is that it has the highest intake of percent energy from fat. Although all fat is not good for the body, such as saturated fats which this diet also consumes the most of, some are. A way to combat this deficiency would be to eat and drink more dairy products. All in all, though a meat-eater diet may have some advantages, they are easily replaceable through the intake of other foods.
According to one study performed by EPIC-Oxford, diet can be directly related to obesity. The article, titled “Weight gain over 5 years in 21966 meat-eating, fish-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men and women in EPIC-Oxford,” discussed a study in which a person’s BMI, body mass index, was higher in meat-eaters than in any of the other diet groups. BMI was also the smallest in the diet groups where people converted to eating less meat than they originally did during the baseline testing. However, it was found that as people grew older, they gained weight regardless of their diet. On average for a person, 35-49 years in age, gained 460g/yr in men and 470g/yr in women. When converted, this is only about 1 pound. Although many studies have been done, it is difficult to determine which diet is best. Vegans gained the least amount of weight, and also had the smallest amount of energy intake from protein while the meat-eaters had the highest. In the end the study showed that the lowest weight gain was found in the group that had the highest intake of carbohydrates but the lowest intake of protein.
Different diets can also affect the incidence of certain health issues in a person. Some examples would be blood pressure, hypertension and a few different types of cancers. The article “Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford,” it was discovered that those who eat either no meat or few animal products are less likely to suffer from a stroke or a coronary heart disease. Blood pressure is directly correlated to an increased risk of having a stroke or getting a coronary heart disease. Also blood pressure increase as a person’s BMI increases,...
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