Vedas

Topics: Vedas, Sanskrit, Rigveda Pages: 12 (3462 words) Published: October 13, 2014
ASAS Mysore
B.Sc Visual Media
Nirmal, Vishnu Menon
0ctober 13 ,2014

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The Timeless Vedas

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A brief description on Vedic literature, its structure and content.

The Timeless Vedas
Compiled by Nirmal and Vishnu Menon
B.Sc Visual Media
ASAS Mysore

Preface
The Vedas are divine and eternal. The Vedas are truly considered to be boundless repository of “knowledge par excellence”. Ours is a humble effort in briefing about Vedas. An attempt like this is similar to sipping handful of water and describing the oceans from that. Modern technology of internet has greatly

helped us to acquire the necessary information pertaining to the Vedas. Through extensive search from various websites we have collected information and tried to put it in a concise and easily understandable form, which we hope, will help all those who wish to know something more about Vedas. May our humble endeavor, with His divine grace, serve its required purpose.

The Ancient Indian scriptures are divided into Shruti and Smrithi. Literarily, Shruti means ‘that is heard’. This part contains the Vedas. They are called so, because the Vedic knowledge was imparted verbally through generations. And Smrithi means ‘that which is remembered’. The Puranas, Itihaasas, Manusmrithi etc. every other scriptures come under Smrithi.

The Vedic scriptures are the spiritual literature of the ancient Indian culture, written in the Sanskrit language. They are comprised of a huge collection of books which include material (mundane), religious (ritualistic) as well as spiritual (monotheistic) knowledge. The expression "Vedic" is derived from the Sanskrit root word ‘vid-jnane’, which means knowledge. According to the Vedic history, they were written down thousands of years ago. The date, however, is not very important because, without a doubt, the knowledge contained in these scriptures was existing a long time before it was written down.

The Veda may be understood by simply accepting what the Veda says about itself. Since the Vedic self-understanding may be amazing or even unbelievable to the modern reader, it seems important to dedicate a few sentences to the clarification of probable misunderstandings. The different opinions about the origin and history of the Vedic scriptures are due to the fundamental difference of world-views between the followers of the Veda and modern mundane scholars.

The Vedas are considered the earliest literary works of the world, and the most sacred books of India. They are the original scriptures of Hindu teachings, and contain spiritual knowledge encompassing all aspects of our life. Vedic literature with its philosophical maxims has stood the test of time and is the highest religious authority for all sections of Hindus in particular and for mankind in general.

Veda means wisdom, knowledge, and it manifests through language of the gods in human speech (Sanskrit). The laws of the Vedas regulate the social, legal, domestic and religious customs of the Hindus to the present day. All the obligatory duties of the Hindus at birth, marriage, death etc. owe their

allegiance to the Vedic rituals called shodasha samskaras. They draw forth the thought of successive generation of thinkers, and so contain within it the different strata of thought.

Origin of the Vedas
The Vedas are probably the earliest documents of the since modern human’s existence and is indeed difficult to say when the earliest portions of the Vedas came into existence. As the ancient Hindus seldom kept any historical record of their religious, literary and political realization, it is difficult to determine the period of the Vedas with precision. Historians provide us many guesses but none of them is free from ambiguity. According to the Indological world-view, such a thing as "Vedic scripture" doesn't even exist. Modern Indology says—but a mere accumulation of texts from different sources, written over a long period of time, starting about 1000 or 1500...


References: http://hinduism.about.com/cs/vedasvedanta/a/aa120103a.htm
http://www.krishna.com/what-are-vedas
http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Upaveda
http://www.encyclopediaofauthentichinduism.org/articles/59_the_vedas_
upvedas.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu_texts
Special thanks to Br. Didesh - Mata Amritanadamayi Math for guiding us,
correcting us and helping us understand.
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