Art History 3.6: Examine the different values placed on art works
Values in art:
Making a judgement on whether art has value is entirely subjective and can only be determined on whether someone holds value to that piece, or acknowledging that someone holds certain values to that piece. Art is valuable in itself, and independent of what people enjoy, want, or what is good for them. This is important as there are a number of values that an art work can hold and that these values can appeal to a wide number of people or even just to the artist. Often artwork is intended to appeal to human emotion and by doing this an artist can attached different values to a piece. (For the purpose of this assignment I will be examining some of the values stated below) these feelings can include:
Art as feelings: art must invoke some feeling from the viewer; however this feeling must be justified.
e.g// War photos – the viewer can understand the creators feeling and point of view. Abstract expressionism – viewer’s feelings are ‘always’ individual to the viewer.
Spiritual: certain art works will have spiritual feelings attached to the piece, some spiritual value may only be held within the viewer or within the viewer and the artist as well.
e.g// The Sistine Ceiling holds great spiritual value towards the Vatican Church and its patrons.
Monetary: the cost of an art work, how much it gets auctioned off for, as well as how much the painting cost to make or commission. All these are taken into consideration when dealing with monetary value.
Significance: the significance of the art work in the relation to development of style, influence on other artists, or innovation.
Iconic: iconic values where the art work assumes significance in relation to a culture, nation or era.
‘Golden Marilyn’ by Andy Warhol
Context of the work
‘Golden Marilyn’ by Andy Warhol (1962 Silkscreen ink on synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 6' 11 1/4" x 57" 211.4 x 144.7 cm) Was based on a pose, like many other in the Marilyn series, of a photograph used for publicity purposes for the film ‘Niagara’ (1953). This painting was done through Andy’s signature ‘silk screening’ technique which he used on many of his art works at the time. The thing that makes this particular Marilyn unique is that it is the only one that is central to the canvas with a glittery gold background surrounding it. Andy would typically use this image multiple times across one canvas whereas here he is just using it once, central to the piece. By duplicating an image known to millions, he undermined the characteristics and the uniqueness of classic portraiture. Warhol made this piece the year Marilyn Monroe committed suicide, and her death shaped the way he continued his Marilyn collection, he started using singular Marilyn photos with different backgrounds. Andy Warhol used this particular photo of Marilyn Monroe as an infinitely reproducible image that has now become an icon of the 50s/60s. Values
Art as Feeling: this particular Marilyn shares with the viewer a particular feeling that Warhol had towards Marilyn Monroe. He saw here, even in death, as this divine image and person of the sixties, however he sort of viewed her as lost to the world. The gold background is not that of a ‘clean’ silk screen you would usually see but it is smudged along with her makeup that almost slides off the painting unlike other Marilyn’s Warhol had done, her image is no longer immediate and crisp. He is quite literally placing her death within this painting and how he felt about it, it’s as almost as if he felt that Monroe was this over used image of stardom that was now lost to the world and had slipped away. His initial feelings towards celebrities was that they are the new religion and we as the people now worship celebrities instead of figures of biblical narratives, and you can see that feeling as the gold background is reminiscent of Byzantine Christian iconic paintings. She has...
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