Differences between the access channel of two groups of high school students based in VAK activities. Problem Statement
According to Neuro-Linguistic Programming, a model of internal and external communication, which focuses on the study of both, states that there are three ways in which humans perceive reality, which are visual, auditory and kinesthetic better known as VAK activities. It also states that it has to do with the way in how men express and how they interact with others as well as how the information is processed, and at the same time how human beings learn. When we talk about access or communication channels we refer to the five senses that man has, smell, sight, touch, taste and hearing. Through these senses we perceive things, but some people have developed some more than others, and this is how each person is defining his dominant access channel, thus being a very important factor for our perception. Visual: Based on the aesthetic and image, so the images are quickly processed and stored. Auditory: Control of voice, pitch, speed, frequency and low tolerance to high tones. Kinesthetic: Need to perceive things through touch. They learn more efficiently this way (movement). Problem:
¿How is it going to affect the way high school students learn according to their access channel? I. Hypothesis:
The type of education and the environment, will affect the way in how the student processes and retains information according to its access channel. When we talk about the type of communication channel of each person, it depends on different factors: the easiest way to communicate with that person, how that person communicates and expresses, and the personality of each individual. It should be mentioned that when a person is visual, auditory or kinesthetic, also has certain character traits that help us identify what kind of channel is more develop. Objective
Humans develop an access channel more than other depending on their environment. So my goal is to demonstrate that the type of education and the environment significantly influences the way in how the student processes and retains information according to its access channel, and because I want to focus on the students environment (schooI) I would do a naturalistic observation.
II. Target of observation
To achieve my objective I plan to use a survey for two groups of fifty people from two different high schools between 15 and 18 years old, of both sexes, and based on their educational environment define what type of access channel they have more developed. I selected high school students around that age because I think that they could be able to answer the survey more wisely according to their student experiences and at this age is more important to know about your communication channel to do better in the future and the student challenges that they have at that age, Theoretical Framework.
NLP is the study of subjective human experience, how we organize, what we perceive and how we perceive the outside world through our senses. Neurolinguistic programming (NLP) is defined as a set of techniques designed to produce permanent changes in a short time creating a systematic frame of reference to direct the brain. It means, investigate how we transmit our perception of the world through language, depending on how the brain perceives things and stores this information. As indicated by its terms: (NPL) the mind is changeable, depending on our ability to choose specific thoughts. Neuro: neural processes controlling mental activity, that controls simultaneously the relationship between mind and body. Linguistics: Through communication systems we are able to establish contact and communication with the outside world, especially with the body than verbally. NLP provides the opportunity to study subjectively. The communication is determined by the thoughts and perceptions. Perceptions are the information gathered by the senses, which is processed by the brain. Some people develop the ability to gather better information, depending on whether it uses a visual, auditory or kinesthetic method. When we talk about the type of communication channel of each person, we talk about different aspects: the easiest way to communicate with that person, how that person communicates and expresses, and the personality that every individual has. It should be mentioned that when a person is visual, auditory or kinesthetic, also has certain character traits that help us identify what kind of channel has like: Visual
These people are based on the aesthetic and image; the images are quickly processed and stored in memory. They get the information through the eyes, and that’s the reason why these people remember things through images. They talk faster than normal, and also have a higher volume in their voice. They think in pictures and many things at once. their physical appearance is always very clean, and dress nicely. This type of learning is widely used in elementary school, since during this stage; everything is related in images for greater retention of information. They have large amounts of information in their memory. When a person has a visual channel, their learning capacity is better when they see pictures, maps with few keywords, movies, etc. everything that relates visual attention. And talking about their personality, they tend to be "perfectionist" with their image and all that talk about them (homework, exams, jobs, etc..), Auditory
For these people it is very important to control voice, pitch, speed, and frequency and often have little tolerance for high tones. They have an intermediate rhythm. They use words and sounds stored in memory, as they capture the information through sounds. Auditory think sequentially, one thing at a time. These people often have sedentary trends. For these people it’s very easy to remember things through names, music, sounds or talks. This is the easiest way to learn during high school because most classes are theoretical and few practical. If a person has an auditory channel, they would enjoy more the music and would be easier for them to play an instrument, because their brain has more capacity for activities that require audio, these people develop more than others their left brain therefore they tend to be good with numbers and what is related to mathematics. At the same time, are characterized by a strong and intense personality, this leads to the need to make every effort to achieve their goals, and do things that makes them stand out. Kinesthetic
It is activated when perceiving tactile sensations. Use memories that come through sensations, feelings and practice. They learn better in a kinematic way (movement). This is possibly the most difficult way to learn since that stores new knowledge using their body. These people use to exaggerate gestures when they talk. They are easily bored and distracted. Because of this, it’s considered the most difficult way to learn since a kinesthetic learner need movement in order to learn, however, most of the classes in high school are visual and auditory. On the other hand, kinesthetic people are very emotional; they are very concerned about their walfare and the walfare of other people closest to them. Kinesthetic intelligence includes control of the bodily motions, the ability to handle objects skillfully and the gift for using whole body motions. They enjoy and usually are seen to be successful in active sports, constructing, dancing, hands-on tasks, working with scientific probes and microscopes, robotics, etc. These activities involve deftness and physical coordination and using their fine and gross motor skills, people with kinesthetic intelligence involve in learning and expressing themselves through various physical activities. The importance given to the recognition of communication channels, is related to the effect they have on us. Our body processes information through communication, effective communication can convey a message, in this case would be information depending on the communication channel and the environment in which we learn when stored and processed information. Although we all have the three communication channels (auditory, visual and kinesthetic) we always have a more developed channel, the problem is when you do not know how to recognize it, and creates a conflict when we want to communicate with someone who has a dominant communication channel different from yours. Examples:
A clear example of how to interfere or interact with each VAK channels could be, that when you read a book and you have music on, we often turn it off. This is because at that time you need to activate or use your visual communication channel, the music makes use your auditory channel, we could say that these two channels make a shock so the music will not let you read or understand the book as well as you do when you’re completely focused, The reason I mentioned an example about the problems, or issues presented by the communication between people with different channels, is to emphasize the importance of why we should know our more developed channel and thus become easier to communicate and to store new information. Assuming you have identified that your dominant communication channel is visual, and you need to prepare for an exam would be easier for you to understand the info if you organize it in the a concept map, with keywords, so your brain will process easier the information, or if you are an auditory person, you would know that you can not study in a place with lots of things happening around you, as you need more concentration when studying. Kinesthetic people tend to distract more easily, so they need an environment that will keep them busy doing dynamic things according to the subject they have to focus, otherwise, they would find this as a tedious activity and would decrease the ability to memorize and store information. IV. Anticipated results
I’ll use a survey to know the personality of the students to know which communication channel is more developed, in here I’ll write five questions as examples of what I’ll include on the survey: 1.- Most frequent activities in your free time are:
• Watch movies, TV shows, social networks
• Sports, recreational activities, or going out with friends • Listen to music.
2. When you go to someplace:
• you see the environment, or decoration of the place.
• It has to be big and a really open space
• It can’t be a noisy place, otherwise you just can not stay there. 3. Generally:
• You observe others.
• You can not stop moving for more than 5 minutes.
• You talk to yourself.
4.At the time you study:
• You repeat over and over the information.
• Images help you to retain information.
• You walk from one place to another talking and thinking about the information. 5.- In the classroom:
• It is easy to pay attention to the teacher.
• you pay more attention to the board and you take notes in your own way. • You are easily distracted and you pay attention until you have to do some activity. I think that results will show that most of the students are visual and auditory because specially during high school they need to learn just listening to what the teacher says and reading the notes that they take and they are more get used to it because during our student life teachers use this kind of learning methods. V. Discussion
This study proposal shows as I mentioned before the importance of why we should know our more developed channel and like that would be easier to communicate and to store new information. To be sure if the number of people of the groups will be the correct one and will give me the results that I want I can use the chi-squared distribution normally used in statistics. With the results I can assume if my hypothesis should be refuted or not or if it’s possible to do with that number of people because of the difference in results between the chi calculated and Chi from the tables.
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