There are different kinds of pneumonia, there is aspiration pneumonia, which occurs when you inhale foreign particles into your lungs. There is also opportunistic (viral or bacterial) pneumonia which often happens to people with weak immune systems. Those at risk for developing pneumonia are older adults, immobility, dysphagia, and people taking immunosuppresant such as chemotherapy and corticosteroids. There are many preventatives that health care workers do every day to help limit the spread infection and reduce the risk of pneumonia. Some of these preventatives are to wash hands frequently, before and after patient care, encourage coughing and deep breathing exercises, get the patient out of bed and allow the patient to do as much for themselves as possible to allow proper expansion of the lungs so the aspiration risk is lower. If the patient is bed bound then it is helpful for the nurse and respiratory therapist to collaborate together and introduce an incentive spirometer to the patient. The respiratory therapist often will show the patient how to use it and then the nurse will make sure the patient is in fact using it, explaining the benefits. Driver (2012) wrote an article on preventatives for pneumonia and stated that you actually need to prevent pneumonia early in life by healthy habits such as not smoking or heavy drinking, maintaining a healthy weight and exercise (pg. 106). Driver (2012) also goes on to recommend pneumonia vaccines. “Although vaccines are not available against every pathogen that may cause pneumonia, they are available for two of the most significant associated groups: Streptococcus Pnuemoniae and influenza” (pg. 106).
Mazur (2011) had conducted a study to research the benefits to the pneumonia vaccine and seasonal influenza vaccine and if getting the vaccines lead to lower hospitalizations. The study was with patients, 65 and older that were hospitalized with pneumonia. There were 238 individuals that were vaccinated...
References: Driver, C. (2012). Pneumonia part 1: pathology, presentation, and prevention. British
Journal of Nursing, 21 (2), 103-106. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d79bf7f4-46c4-4104-87e3-7e6ceb65ce3a%40sessionmgr11&vid=4&hid=26
Manzur, A., & Izquierdo, C. (2011). Influence of prior pneumococcal and influenza vaccination
on outcomes of older adults with community-acquired pneumonia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59(8), 1711-1716. Retrieved from
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