Utopian Society

Topics: Utopia, Meaning of life, Human Pages: 5 (1762 words) Published: November 1, 2013
Utopia:
The Existence of a Perfect World with Imperfect Human Beings

What does it mean to be human? A human being is a complex subject. Much of society believes that trying to understand human life and the meaning of such an existence is a convoluted endeavor. We often feel compelled to deeply understand because of the value it holds. As human beings, we wonder what really makes us human. Is it our extraordinary brains that give us the ability to reason and think beyond the capabilities of the rest of the animal kingdom? Is it our ability to sympathize with others and find a potential or reach for goals? Or, is it our ability to make mistakes, our greatest fault and our greatest gift, that makes us human? However, if human beings are bound to make mistakes, as they are imperfect, how can a Utopian society of perfect lifestyles and perfect beings ever exist? It is arduous to find an ideal account of anything in the world, but contemplating this idea brings forward the question of what a perfect society would look like. Several of the greatest philosophers have explored such a concept; Socrates’ portrayal can be found in Plato’s Republic, and Thomas More’s can be found in Utopia. In literature and in reality, there are several examples of societies that prove to be far from perfect, such as the one found in Shakespeare's Hamlet or the society under the Nazi Rule in the early twentieth century. If one were to take these two societies and compare them to the ideal society, what would make one particularly better than another? In reality, there is no obvious solution as to why one society may be better or one society may be more recognizably unprincipled than the other. To truly understand why such a perfect society cannot exist, one must examine the imperfections in the human. Regard man as an incomplete being of God. Man is not a perfect being fulfilling the divine purpose and then falling catastrophically away from this through sin. One must see man as a process. God himself said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness” (Genesis 1:26). Man was created as a moral and personal being as God intended. This is God’s “image.” The “likeness” of God is not yet formed. Such is formed throughout living a personal life with God—not straying away from the divine purpose and essentially satisfying and accomplishing it. Thusly, mankind itself is relatively free and self-sufficient. Man has his own communications and relations with life in the world in which God has placed them. Mankind is reaching for the “likeness” as it is not candidly given. From the words of St. Paul, “We all, with unveiled face beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are transformed into the same image from glory to glory, even as from the Lord the Spirit” (2 Corinthians 3:18). Mankind must take it upon itself to move from the simple biology God has created man in, to the eternal life God has intended man to live. Is it fair to say, then, that those who drive away from the divine intention are morally wicked and evil? Nonetheless, what truly is evil? Whether it is physical or moral, evil is what plays an immeasurable role in the misfortunes consuming the world of God’s creation. Taking a closer look at the types of evil, physical evil is a deficiency of the desires of the human enthusiasm or appetite. This, in some way, may cause harm to a man as this is a deprivations of true aspirations. Moral evil, on the other hand, is often a result of physical evil. The privation of satisfaction causes a deviation from moral order; it is an intentional and purposeful exploit. These exploits can damage a man’s relationship with God and reduce the rate at which one fulfills the true divine intention as becoming a man of the “likeness” of God. Evil is not something that is created, as God is the creator of all matter; evil is essentially damaged and abandoned goodness made possible because of the free will of human beings. God does...

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More, Thomas, and Paul Turner. Utopia. London: Penguin, 1984. Print.
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