Using Bicycles As An Alternative To Automobiles
October 21, 1996
Ecology & Design
University of Colorado
This paper basically shows the reasons to use the bicycle as an alternative
mode of transportation. It will points out the benefits of the use of a
bicycle. It will also show what is being done to get
rid of the negative
aspects of using a bicycle for
Bicycling is one of the fastest growing forms of recreation. People are drawn to it for many reasons, being out in the fresh air, the thrill of speed, the physical challenge, along with many other things. But there can be many more uses for the bicycle. The use that this paper will focus on is transportation.
The use of bicycles can greatly improve the economy of a nation. A comparison between the efficiency of the transportation systems of the United Stated and Japan points this out. In 1990 Americans spent 17.9 percent of the GNP on transportation, whereas the Japanese spent only 10.79 percent on transportation. This difference of nearly 7 percent, gives the Japanese economy much more money for investing in their future.
Our Economy is not the only thing we should worry about, and it is also not the only thing that can be improved by the use of bicycles. There are several major problems that could be drastically reduced by the increased use of bicycles. Traffic would be a lot lighter due to the extremely small size of bicycles. It would also greatly reduce the wear and tear on our roads and highways, and therefore reduce government expenditure. But one of the most serious problems it would reduce is that of pollution and smog in out larger cities.
There are more benefits to biking, though. There are benefits that come at a more personal level.
Biking greatly improves ones health. It can be a way to exercise without taking much times out of ones schedule. The time one would spend biking to work serves two important purposes. One, getting to work, but also as a great form of exercise.
Improved mobility in crowded situations. In downtown areas, biking to work may actually save time. Cars crawl through congested traffic, while bicyclists ride around it. The time it takes to park a car could also be factored in. Finding a parking space takes time and may be far away, while bikes are easy to lock and can be locked close to any destination.
Personal economics are also important. Cars are expensive to own and operate. On top of the high prices for new cars, one must also pay for insurance, fuel, and maintenance. Not only is the price of a new bicycle much lower, they cost almost nothing to operate.
Still with all of these benefits, many people choose not to consider a bicycle as a viable form for transportation. People feel that it is to time consuming, to inconvenient, and to dangerous. But there are things that can be done to change these facts.
How a city is designed will play a large part in whether or not people choose to use bicycle as a form of transportation. Many of America's large cities are not very friendly to the bicycle commuter. City streets should be wide enough to have room for a safe sized bike path that is separate from automobiles and pedestrians. This would improve the safety of bicycling.
Another method that can be used is traffic calming. Traffic calming is a term that has emerged in Europe to describe a full range of methods to slow cars, but not necessarily ban them, as they move through commercial areas and residential neighborhoods. Traffic calming exists in certain downtown areas as a natural outcome of design initiatives to accommodate sizable special populations.
Some the best examples of traffic calming are not in the United States. Traffic calming was originally introduced in the Netherlands and Germany, but is now being put to use in Denmark, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
In 1981, Germany set up six traffic-calming demonstration...
References: 1. United States, Integrating Bicycle and Pedestrian Considerations Into
State and Local Transportation Planning (Washington: The Administration, 1994)
Federal Community (Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 1981)
4. Mike Hudson, Bicycle Planning (The Architectural Press: London, 1982)
5. National Research Council. Transportation Research Board. Pedestrian
Behavior and Bicycle Traffic (Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1980)
6. National Research Council. Transportation Research Board. Nonmotorized
Transportation Around The World (Washington: National Academy Press, 1994)
National Academy Press, 1994)
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