Uses of Vitamins and Minerals

Topics: Vitamin D, Milk, Iron Pages: 6 (1677 words) Published: September 2, 2013
Vitamin A
Overview
Vitamin A is a vitamin. It can be found in many fruits, vegetables, eggs, whole milk, butter, fortified margarine, meat, and oily saltwater fish. It can also be made in a laboratory. Uses
treatment and prevention of vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin A deficiency can occur in people with protein deficiency, diabetes, over-active thyroid, fever, liver disease, cystic fibrosis, or an inherited disorder called abetalipoproteinemia. Diseases

i. Night Blindness: In the early stages of vitamin A deficiency, the individual cannot see well in dim light. In advanced deficiency, the subject cannot see objects in dim light. ii. Xerosis Conjunctiva: The conjunctiva is dry, thickened, wrinkled and pigmented. The pigmentation gives conjunctiva a smoky appearance. iii. Xerosis Cornea: When dryness spreads to cornea, it takes on a hazy, lusterless appearance. iv. Bitot’s Spots: Greyish glistening white plaques, formed of desquamated thickened conjuctival epithelium, usually triangular in shape and firmly adhering to the conjuctiva. v. Keratomalacia: When xerosis of the conjuctiva and cornea is not treated, it may develop into a condition known as keratomalacia. vi. Follicullar Hyperkeratosis: The skin becomes rough and dry. Sources

liver sheep, butter, hydrogenated oil, ghee(cow),egg hen, whole milk powder, cheese, buffalo's milk, curds, cow's milk and mutton. Vitamin C
Overview
Vitamin C is important for proper tissue strength and is known to support collagen and cartilage growth. It also helps protect cell membranes from toxic wastes and destruction from an overactive immune system. It acts as an antioxidant and is especially effective when taken with vitamin E. Vitamin C is used for allergies and as an anti-viral medicine. Regular use may reduce your risk of cancer. Uses

* Promotes wound healing.
* Vitamin C is commonly used for supporting immune function and protection from viral disease and cancer. * It may also help in people with high cholesterol, cataracts, diabetes, allergies and asthma, and periodontal disease. As an antioxidant, it protects blood vessels and the lenses in your eyes, and helps keep body tissues strong. * Vitamin C is popular for warding off and shortening the unpleasant effects of the common cold. Diseases

a) General weakness followed by shortness of breath, pain in bones, joints and muscles of the extremities. b) Swollen and tender joints, haemorrhages in various tissues and pain in joints. c) Bleeding gums and loose teeth.

Those are the symptoms of scurvy.
Sources
Guava, red and green sweet pepper, kiwi, orange, grapefruit, strawberry, cantaloupe.

Vitamin D
Overview
Vitamin D is a steroid vitamin, a group of fat-soluble prohormones, which encourages the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorous. People who are exposed to normal quantities of sunlight do not need vitamin D supplements because sunlight promotes sufficient vitamin D synthesis in the skin. Uses

* It is crucial for the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorous, which have various functions, especially the maintenance of healthy bones. It is an immune system regulator.

* It may reduce the risk of developing multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is much less common the nearer you get to the tropics, where there is much more sunlight * Vitamin D may have a key role in helping the brain to keep working well in later life, * Vitamin D is probably linked to maintaining a healthy body weight * It can reduce the severity and frequency of asthma symptoms, and also the likelihood of hospitalizations due to asthma * It has been shown to reduce the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis in women. * A form of vitamin D could be one of our body's main protections against damage from low levels of radiation * People with adequate levels of vitamin D have a significantly lower risk of developing cancer, compared to people with lower levels. Vitamin D deficiency...
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