USA, discovery and settlement

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USA AND COMMONWELTH

1. Discovery and settlement

In the Last Ice Age the level of the sea water lowed, and people from Central Asia crossed the Bering Strait from Siberia to Alaska. Five hundred years ago Indians in North America lived in scattered villages. Indians joined to protect themselves to common enemies. They founded the Iroquois leage and the Algonquin leage, later known as the Leage of the five Nations. They made only the simplest tools. There were no cities ando no white men. White men in Europe did not even know that America was here. Then in the year 1492 Christopher Columbus, a sea captains discovered it by accident. He was employed by the king and Queen of Spain. The spanish rulers wanted their businessmen to share in the rich trade with India. But Italians and Arabs kept everyone else away form the regular trade routes. He sailed across the Atlantic Ocean and found islands called these the Indies thinking he was in the India.
A man called Leif Erikson discovered America before Columbus and he tried to stablish a settlement called Newfoundland, but he failed.

They were the Age of Discoveries (XV cent,), but there were a period of exploration after discovery (XVI c.), and then a process of colonization (XVII c.).
Soon spaniards began to explore the New World. Cortez conquered the rich Aztec Indians in Mexico, Ponce de León looking for the Fountain of Youth, Pánfilo de Narváez found out gold but there were only five survivors in the expedition.

Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII, the queen of England at that time allowed Humphrey Gilbert and Walter Raleigh to stablish settlements in America. In the first expedition Gilbert died, and when Raleigh tried again he wasn't succesful. One of the expeditions of Raleigh was a mistery because disappeared all the members.

The first english colony was called Virginia as the Virgin Queen. But was in the kingdom of James I, cousin of Elizabeth. He chartered two comercial companies to stablish

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