US MPA Education and
Its Implications on China’s MPA Program
The Master of Public Administration (MPA) program has a history of 82 years in the United States and now it has developed into a mature professional program. It trained many high-level officials and provided the government and public sectors with a great many qualified leading personnel thus playing a very important role in the public administration field in the US. As an advanced educational model introduced from western countries, the MPA program is still in its early development period in China. Though this professional degree was not set up for long in China, it has significant influence to China’s public administration education. While in the process of development, there is also some hindrance that has blocked the rapid development of the MPA program in China. Through a review of the development of the MPA program in the US, the thesis analyzes some notable characteristics of the MPA program, including the completeness and diversity of the education system, creation of new training methodology, and the globalization of the MPA program. Besides, the thesis predicts the development trend of the MPA program in the US. At last, the thesis analyzes the implications of American MPA education on China’s MPA program and gives suggestions. The thesis comes to the following conclusion through analysis and research: in the US, connection between universities and the government or public affairs agencies should be strengthened in order to provide students with more opportunities and broader vision; with the continuous development of the society, faculties of the MPA program are facing more challenge than ever before; cooperative way of training will be used widely; the competitiveness and recognition of MPA graduates in the society are enhanced. In China, MPA education can be used as an important way of civil servants training and also the new path for the competence construction on the civil servants troop; it also plays a positive role to the optimizing of the governmental organization and to the construction of public management mechanism in accordance with the socialist market system; meanwhile, the MPA program also impulses the public management education, strengthens the intercollegiate and interdisciplinary communication, promotes the creation and merge of knowledge, connects the government with schools as well as theory with practice, and also puts forward challenges to the traditional education mode thus creating a new type of faculty contingent. The writer hopes that by researching and analyzing the development characteristics and trend of American MPA education and implications on China’s MPA program, the thesis could play a positive role to the reform and further development of China’s MPA education.
Key words: MPA, developing trend, characteristic, implication
I am deeply indebted to my academic advisor, Professor Zhang Zhiling, for her constant encouragement and help to complete my thesis. She has devoted tremendous amount of her valuable time and efforts in guiding, correcting and editing the manuscript throughout the process of completion of my research and the preparation of the final draft for review by the thesis committee. She has not only taught me how to conduct research, organize my ideas and write a thesis, her professional attitudes and behaviors will have a great impact on my future career. Besides my academic learning, she also gave me enormous help during the three years of study at China Foreign Affairs University. Therefore, I dedicate this work to her as a person of great admiration and a source of constant encouragement and respect. I am also grateful to all the teachers such as Prof. Fan Shouyi, Prof. Qin Yaqing, Prof. Heng Xiaojun, Prof. Yang Xueyan, Prof. Wang Yan, from whose courses I have benefited a lot during my study in China Foreign Affairs University. My...
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