US airforce WWII

Topics: World War II, Aircraft carrier, Imperial Japanese Navy Pages: 8 (1989 words) Published: September 20, 2014
In the 20th century many wars have taken place, the worst of them being ww1 (1919-1918) and ww2 (1939-1945). During the period between them, many improvements have been made in the way the wars have been fought.. The basic "tactic" of WW I was to shell the heck out of them. Then at the sound of a whistle, launch the men who would try and come out of their trenches, march forward through the barbed wire and close on a machine gun nest that would then mow them down. Digging in well, the men could withstand any amount of shelling. The trench warfare was insanely inefficient with the personnel losses because they were very unsanitary, That’s why you heard the term “trench foot”. That combined with the decomposing/injured soldiers was a recipe for death. WW II was a much broader scale. In Europe, it began with heavy bombardment from the air followed by numerous harrowing beach assaults. Once a foothold had been gained, it was a matter of moving the tanks, men and materiel. Advances there were based around taking bridges, roads and railways. The biggest trick was to not out-run your own supply-line

The role of aviation was using hot air balloons to scout the enemy lines. With airplanes being relatively new and not many skilled pilots, it would be a very inefficient way of war. But things have changed, with the airplane being experimented on through the 20s and early thirties; they had a solid base for warplanes. The ww1 planes had a design more like the wright brothers in the almost dual wing scaffold design, a wing on top, and a wing on bottom connected by a scaffold like design. Whereas ww2 planes had a more conventional design we can recognize easier. With the fuel silage in the middle bisecting the wing. The wing is more or less even with the pilot whereas in ww1 planes, they were in front which can cause obstructed vision. And obstructed vision can lead to miscommunication between enemy airplanes and Crashes.

The bombers of the Second World War were employed strategically (attacks on the enemy’s communications, factories, civilian population), or tactically (attacks on an adversary's armed forces in support of one's own, and on an adversary's lines of communication and such specific targets as shipping).

The best demonstration of the tactical use of a bomber early in the war was the use of the German dive bomber. It was the leader of the blitzkrieg which proved so successful during the Polish campaign of September 1939 and in the fighting which led to the fall of France in June 1940. Its task was to destroy targets in the path of the enemy ground forces and it did so with pinpoint accuracy within 100 ft of its target-by diving vertically at it. It then released its bombs at low altitude at the bottom of its dive, a method that proved four times more accurate than normal horizontal bombing from high up.

The RAF (royal air force) had no effective army support bomber during the fighting in France. This lack was magnified in 1941 during the Western Desert campaigns when Hurricane fighters were equipped to carry bombs. Their success led later to the wide scale employment of the RAF Typhoon and the P47 Thunderbolt and P51 Mustang of the US Army Air Forces in the role of fighter and bombers, and these were often employed in cab ranks. Each could carry a bomb or rocket to a load of up to 2,000 Ib. Twice that of many 1939 twin engined bombers and after the load had been released the aircraft had the performance and maneuverability to defend itself. In February 1942, the British Bomber Command gained approval from Churchill to target Germany's industrial cities and their civilian populations. The policy of dropping bombs on large, typically heavily populated areas rather than small targets became known as "strategic bombing." The practice expanded and was perfected by both sides as the war years went on.

While Churchill used the policy of "de-housing" German workers, neither he nor Roosevelt told the public about the...
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