UoP PSY 300 Foundations of Psychology P

Powerful Essays
Topics: Psychology
Foundations of Psychology
Cristina de l'Aigle-Barnett
PSY 300 – General Psychology
October 27, 2014
Berish Lindsay-Strother
Foundations of Psychology
Psychology is the process of understanding ones mental processes such as how and why one thinks, feels, and behaves the way they do. Psychology is the process by which the scientific method is used to better understand and test these processes (Allport, 1985). Psychology was established as a means to blends these two differing schools of thought into one. Psychology quickly separated into different schools of thought as a means to explain the human mind and its behaviors. In this paper we will discuss in more depth about a few of them such as structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanism (Allport, 1985).
Wilhelm Wundt is thought to be one of psychologies founding fathers. He was a pioneer using laboratory research as a way to back up his theories of the mind. One of Wundt’s students Edward Titchener used Wundt’s theory of introspection as his basis of his new school of thought called structuralism. Structuralism is the study of the contents of the mind (Britannica, 2001). Just like his predecessor Titchener believed that the scientific method was the only means to the science of the mind. Structuralism was only one of two schools that dominated psychology in its early years. The other was functionalism. Functionalism was the product of one Harvard graduate named William James. James believed structuralism was a great start, however felt the mind still needed further explaining and hence functionalism was born. Where structuralism focused its efforts on the mental processes themselves, functionalist conserved their efforts on the role those processes play. Functionalism is the study of how ones psychological processes helps one adapt to their environment (Britannica, 2001).
Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud. Freud believed that the unconscious mind influenced behavior. Freud

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Psy 300

    • 1658 Words
    • 7 Pages

    |PSY/300 | | |General Psychology | Copyright © 2009, 2006, by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description General Psychology is a survey course which introduces the student to the major topics in scientific psychology as applied to human behavior. Applications…

    • 1658 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Psy 300

    • 1025 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Life Span Development and Personality PSY 300 January 31, 2011 Life Span Development This paper will discuss the life span of a business man, movie producer, aviator, and billionaire, Howard Hughes. It will also explain the psychological development and personality characteristics of the young man that was raised by a financially driven father, and mentally disturbed mother. Mother and Father Howard Hughes was born in 1905 in Houston, Texas to Howard Hughes Sr. and Allene Hughes. Allene…

    • 1025 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Psy/300 Syllabus

    • 3134 Words
    • 13 Pages

    Course Syllabus College of Social Science PSY/300 Version 5 General Psychology Copyright © 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2006 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description General Psychology is a survey course which introduces the student to the major topics in scientific psychology as applied to human behavior. Applications of these principles will be made to the human experience. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and…

    • 3134 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Foundations of Psychology

    • 416 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Foundations of Psychology Vanessa R. Nunez PSY/300 September 11, 2012 Randy Stinnett Foundations of Psychology Psychology is a fascinating field with a solid historical foundation. There are many aspects that make up psychology. This paper will examine the major schools of thought in psychology and their major underlying assumptions, as well as the primary biological foundations of psychology linked to behavior. There are many schools of thought; these are just a few of them. One of the…

    • 416 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Foundations of psychology

    • 1289 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Foundations of Psychology Robert N Guthrie PSY 300 November 3, 2013 Emmett Lampkin Foundations of Psychology Psychology is the scientific study of mental processes and behavior(Kowalski & Westen, 2011). To understand an individual, one must learn of the individual’s biology, psychological experience, and cultural context(Kowalski & Westen, 2011). With this paper, one will learn of the different schools of thoughts associated with psychology and their most underlying assumptions. One will…

    • 1289 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Foundations of Psychology

    • 777 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Foundations of Psychology Paper Kristin McLauchlin PSY-300 January 14, 2013 Betsy Ferronato Foundations of Psychology Paper The foundations of psychology rely mainly on their major schools of thought: the psychodynamic perspective, first introduced by Sigmund Freud, the behaviorist perspective, the cognitive perspective, and the evolutionary perspective. These four main theories were developed to explain how we as humans behave, think and react. Although the human mind still remains a mystery…

    • 777 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Foundations of Psychology

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Foundations of Psychology L R Juneaux 07/24/2013 PSY/300 Psychology is one of the core studies of the human being, which include investigating of behavior and mental processes. Many processes have to happen before one can even think a single thought. A specific stimulus through sensory organs, nerve interactions, and sorting through the brain are just a few processes that occur. Psychology is one of the most complex areas of study. In this paper, I will identify the major schools of thought…

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Foundation of Psychology

    • 1049 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Foundations of Psychology PSY300 January 14, 2013 Dan Erickson Ph.D. Foundations of Psychology Psychology represents a science that studies mental process as well as behaviors. To best understand mental processes and behaviors four major psychological schools of thoughts are applied; psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive as well as evolutionary perspectives. Psychology has developed over years from having beginnings relating to philosophy to expanded studies of biopsychology. The four major…

    • 1049 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Foundations of Psychology

    • 981 Words
    • 3 Pages

    behavior, but it wasn’t until the 19th century that psychology became a real science. At first, it was hard to determine how psychology would interpret human behavior and the wonders of the mind. Originally it was thought to be a part of philosophy. However, after years of research, some psychologists decided they did not want to be part of philosophical world and commit themselves to full scientific psychological studies. The fact that psychology was born from the womb of philosophy is of no small…

    • 981 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    foundation of psychology

    • 1697 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Foundation of Psychology Dustina Sallee University of Phoenix Psy300 Ashley Dolecki October 19, 2013 Psychology has come a long way; “American psychology at the start of the 20th Century was the psychology of human consciousness and mental life” (Davis, Stephen F. & Buskist, William, and 21st. Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook, February 19, 2008). Introspection was the first study of psychology; follow came Structuralism and Functionalism, Behavioral, Humanism, Psychoanalysis…

    • 1697 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays