Please review the following concepts/terms/ideas for the upcoming exam. Information is divided up by topics that we covered each week in class. You may need to make additional notes on this study guide, each point is not fully representative of the concept.
Fats and Heart Disease (Units 10-12)
1. Define a fatty acid.
2. Define a triglyceride.
3. Compare and contrast a saturated and unsaturated fatty acid.
4. List food sources of unsaturated (mono- and poly) and saturated fats.
5. What is a sterol? Most common sterol is ______________.
6. List food sources of cholesterol.
7. List functions of fat in the body.
8. What are the two essential fatty acids? What are the benefits of these in heart health? List food sources of each. …show more content…
What are EPA and DHA? Explain their roles in heart health. List rich food sources of EPA & DHA.
10. What are trans fats? List foods that they are found in.
11. Review strategies for increasing mono and polyunsaturated fats in the diet and how to reduce saturated fat intake.
12. AMDR for fat is _____ to _____%
13. Fat provides ____ calories/gram.
14. Define atherosclerosis.
15. What are the controllable and uncontrollable risk factors for developing heart disease?
16. Define a lipoprotein.
17. What is the action of LDL in the body? High LDL levels _________ risk for heart disease.
18. What is the action of HDL in the body? High HDL level _________ risk for heart disease.
Protein and Vegetarianism (Units 13-15)
1. Define an amino acid.
2. What part of an amino acids structure makes it unique?
3. There are 20 common amino acids. ____ are essential and ____ are non-essential.
4. What does it mean if a nutrient is essential? What does non-essential mean?
5. What does it mean when a protein is denatured? What are some causes of