Unmet Need

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THE UNMET NEED FOR FAMILY PLANNING ON FERTILITY LEVELS IN UGANDA:
INTRODUCTION:
Background:
The world population grew to 7 billion on 31s t October 2011 of which 97% of the population was for developing countries .The total fertility rate for developed countries ranged from 1.4 and 1.3 or even less.MDCS Birthrates have declined since the baby boom era in 1960 from 3.6 to 2.0. (Carl Haub 2012). Countries that have the lowest fertility rates include Poland, Portugal, Romania 1.3%, Singapore and south Korea 1.2, Latvia and Taiwan 1.1% (PRB 2012).Some theories of low fertility in MDCS have attributed this to the role of wealth and economic development in lowering levels of fertility(Ashraf Ragab 2005).Other factors like women prestige, education, income and other factors have helped developed countries to have low fertility rates.
Though fertility rates have been declining for the last three decades, fertility levels have been increasing in some parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. Countries with the highest rates include Niger 7.1, Burundi6.4 Somalia 6.4, Mali 6.3, Angola 6.3, DRC6.3, Zambia 6.3, Uganda 6.2 and Burkina Faso, 6.2per woman. In such countries, only 20% (on the average) of married women use family planning methods. This implies that the use of family planning is declining or not taking place at all (World population 2012).Sub Saharan countries that normally have high rates of fertility are characterized by poor development indicators of low life expectancy at birth, high dependency ratio, and economic vulnerability, infants mortality, low levels of education hence low levels of incomes. In East Africa, Uganda has the highest fertility rates of 6.2 (Uganda Bureau of Statistics 2011). The high population growth rate of 3.2% in Uganda implies that one million people are added unto Uganda’s population every year (UBOS 2012).Uganda’s population is expected explode to 54 million in 2025 and 130 million by 2050 based on the current birthrate. The factors underlying

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