On 7 Oct 1958 the military assumed power in Pakistan under the leadership of general Ayub Khan who was the Commander in Chief at that time. The military abrogated the Constitution and the federal and provincial cabinets were abolished. The national and provincial assemblies were also abolished and martial law was imposed in Pakistan.Ayub Khan became the chief martial law administrator and in this way the 1st military govt came into existence in Pakistan. During this period General Ayub Khan who became Field Martial in Oct 1959 issued several statements on working of the governments in the past. The govt circles were generally critical of the parliamentary system of the govt which they thought was not providing stability to the country.
They emphasized that any political system for Pakistan must ensure stability, continuity economic development and gradual development of democracy.
The first step in the direction of setting up a new political system was the introduction of new local govt system which was announced in Oct 1959 one year after the assumption of power by the armed forces. This local govt system was called as Basic Democracies (Buniadi Jamhooriatain) and under this system people elected 80000 representatives for the local councils and these representatives were divided equally between East Pakistan and West Pakistan. This local govt system had initially five levels but later on it had four levels. Union Councils, Tehsil Councils, District and Divisions. This system worked as the local govt and also performed the development work. The elections to the Basic Democracies were held in Dec, 1959 and Jan, 1960 and in this way the local govts were installed.
President Ayub decided to hold Referendum for him to become an elected President and this Referendum was held on Feb 17,1960.In this Referendum the elected members of Basic Democracies voted, at that time the