University of Benin, Benin City

Topics: Nigeria, Legislature, Separation of powers Pages: 8 (1457 words) Published: January 23, 2013
UNIVERSITY OF BENIN, BENIN CITY

FACULTY OF ARTS

DEPARTMENT OF THEATRE ARTS/ MASS COMMUNICATION

NAME:

OBONO MONICA OKA

LEVEL:

100

COURSE TITLE/CODE:

NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION (POL 112)

ASSIGNMENT:

DISCUSS THE MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951

LECTURER:

OSAZUWA JOHN

DATE:

JANUARY, 2013

TABLE OF CONTENT

1. INTRODUCTION TO MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951 ……………..3

2. FEATURES OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951 …………………………4

3. MERITS OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951 ……………………………5

4. DEMERITS OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951 ………………………..6

5. BREAKDOWN OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951 …………………..7

6. CONCLUSION OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951 …………………..8

7. REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………………………….9

THE MACPHERSON CONTITUTION OF 1951

The criticisms levelled against Richard and the events after the Second World War [1939-1945] which weakened imperials powers, led to growth of anti-colonial activities and de-mystification of white superiority, and made it imperative for a new constitution to be introduced in Nigeria. Sir Arthur Richard did not consult the people of Nigeria before introducing his constitution. His successor, Sir John Macpherson held extensive consultation with the people before introducing a new constitution.

Macpherson organised a series of conferences at village and divisional level, and then at the de provincial level, when the various provincial conferences made recommendations to be considered by regional conferences .A national conference was then held Ibadan, and the resolutions of this conference were then debated in the regional houses and the legislative council before the draft constitution was summited to the governor and the secretary states for colonies.

The Macpherson constitution, embodied in the Nigeria [constitution] order in council, 1951 and largely based upon the agreed recommendations of the Ibadan conference, was a response to the demand for a responsible non –official executive. The two most importance changes introduced by the constitution were the creation of ministers with a non-official majority and the creation of a council of regional legislatures.

When John Macpherson became Governor of Nigeria in 1948, he took immediate steps to review the 1946 constitution which came into being in 1951, to be known as the Macpherson constitution of 1951

FEATURES OF THE MACPHRESON CONSTITUTION

1. The central legislative council: the central legislative was renamed the house of representative .The council consisted of the president who was the governor 6 ex-officio or official members, 136 representative members elected through the regional house .And 6 special members nominated by the governor to represent interest or communities not adequately represented in the house. Among the 136 representative members the north sent 68 members while the west and the east sent 34 members each.

2. The central executive council: The central executive council was later known as the council of ministers .The council was made of the governor who presided it, 6 ex-officio or official minister members and 12 ministers with 4 ministers from each of the three regions. These minister who were not like the modern ministers were not that in full executive change of government departments and were appointed by the governor on the recommendation on the region legislatures.

3. Regional legislatures: the constitution created two chamber regional legislatures known as the house of chiefs and the house of assembly was created in the Eastern region. The regional legislatures were given more powers to legislate on certain enumerated subject to the approval of the council in Lagos.

4. The regional executive councils: The regional executive council...

References: H. S. NNAMDI,ph.D, Nigerian Government And Administration: 2001. Trust Publication Benin City, Nigeria
JOHNSON UGOJI ANYAELE, Comprehensive Government: 1991-2003. A. Johnson Publisher LTD
. Internet: www.wikipedia.com.
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