Unity and National Integration

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

2.0 Concepts of Unity and Integration:

3.0 Basic Concepts of Unity and Integration 3.1 Assimilation 3.2 Amalgamation 3.3 Pluralism 3.3.1 Plural society

4.0 Challenges to National Unity and Integration 4.1 Unified Education System the Way to Achieve National Unity 4.2 Different Focus in Economic Sectors 4.3 Different Political Ideologies and Influences

5.0 The Approach and Policy to Overcome the Obstacles and Challenges 5.1 New Economic Model (NEM) 5.2 1Malaysia 5.3 National Key Result Areas (NKRAs)

6.0 Summary

7.0 References

UNITY AND NATIONAL INTEGRATION

1.0 Introduction

Malaysia is a unique country. It is made up of multi-ethnic group who are living in harmony. Conflict among ethnic group is rare and even if conflict occurs, is not to the extent of destroying the country. In fact, it is the diversity that drives the development of the country and makes this country colourful. Malaysia has been recognized by the world as a model for other plural societies. The concept of ‘unity in diversity’ is always insisted by the leaders. The concept is now supported with the ‘1 Malaysia’ concept which is introduced by the current Prime Minister. The Malaysian government is always put efforts to ensure the unity among the people because the unity is very important for national unity. The national unity will ensure the country’s prosperity and the prosperity will create national integration. The unity and integration is the ultimate aim of development. Thus, in this lesson, you will come across the efforts of the Malaysian government towards creating national integration.

2.0 Concepts of Unity and Integration:

Unity and integration are interlinked in which both aims at bringing different races, closer together. In Malaysia context, unity can be defined as a process of forming a national identity among various groups that have differences in beliefs, cultures, customs, politics, social, economic



References: 1. Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah & Jayum A. Jawan 2001. Kenegaraan Malaysia. Serdang: Penerbit Universiti Putra Malaysia 2. Faaland, J., Parkinson, J. & Saniman, R. 2005. Growth and Ethnic Inequality: Malaysian’s new Economic Policy. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn Bhd. 3. Haris Md. Jadi. 1990. Etnik, Politik dan Pendidikan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. 4. Ongliki, J. P. 1985. Nation-building in Malaysia 1946-1974. Singapore: Oxford University 5. Ratnam, K.J, 1967. Communalism and the Political Process in Malaya. Singapore: University of Malaya Press 6. Shamsul Amri Baharuddin. 2007. Modul Hubungan Etnik. Putrajaya: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia 7. Ting Chew Peh. 1987. Hubungan Ras dan Etnik. Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka Dimensi. 8. Yew Yeok Kim. 1982. Education, National Identity and National Integration: A Survey of Secondary School Students of Chinese Origin in Urban Peninsular Malaysia. Ph.D Thesis. Stanford University

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