During the Cold War, America's basic policy was that of "containment" of the Soviet Union. The policy of containment was based upon several principles. First, the Soviet Union wanted to spread socialism to all areas of the world. However, it was felt that the leadership of the Soviet Union felt no particular rush to accomplish their goal. "The Kremlin is under no ideological compulsion to accomplish its purposes in a hurry. Like the Church, it is dealing in ideological concepts which are of a long-term validity, and it can afford to be patient. (Hook and Spanier, 42)." In other words, the Soviet leadership believed that, since their ideas were the correct ones, they would eventually prevail, and thus, no direct confrontation would be necessary. The second idea behind the containment policy was that there existed 5 major industrial centers within the world, namely the United States, Great Britain, West Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union. Since four of these five were capitalist nations, and allies, containment meant "confining the Soviet Union to that single one (Hook and Spanier, 42)". Simply, the basic policy of the United States during the Cold War was not to defeat the Soviet Union through force, but to simply prevent it from expanding. The main force that changed the American policy of containment was the fear of Soviet expansion into developing countries. During the 1950s and 1960s, many countries in Africa and Southeast Asia that were previously controlled by European powers were liberated, and became independent nations. The Soviets saw this as "proof that the international capitalist order was disintegrating (Hook and Spanier, 82)." The Soviets were then given an opportunity to attempt to spread their political, economic, and social values into these regions. The diplomatic efforts put forth by the Soviet regime were somewhat successful, at least partially due to the animosity these nations were feeling to the capitalist powers that had
The Cold war has been done and dusted for a little more than two decades, however, its reminiscents are still very active. The attempt to spread communism worldwide was an attempt made during the cold war; Joseph Stalin made that call, America answered. The policy of containment is the reason that communism did not spread and Democracy and Capitalism are still high functioning government systems. Containment is the action of keeping something harmful under control or in check. This is what went on….
How did containment shape American actions abroad for almost half a century?
In 1947 the United States and Soviet Union were officially at odds with one another. Both disagreed on ideas on how to handle Europe. This eventually led to a standoff between United States and Soviet Union but it was on Europe’s soil. The Truman Doctrine and The Marshall Plan were used to stop the advancement of Soviet Union into surrounding countries. The U.S. felt that Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism around the….
Containment as U.S. policy during Cold War Era
From after World War II and up until 1991 the foreign policy of the United States was based on Cold War ideology and the policy of containment; to prevent nations from leaning towards Soviet Union-based communism, as first laid out by George Kennan and later used as one of the key principles in the Truman Doctrine (LeCain). As this essay will argue, because of this policy the United States made a commitment to fight communism everywhere in the world….
Containment during the Cold War refers to the United States’ methodology of dealing with Communism. Proposed by George Kennan, this policy (along with the Truman Doctrine) would be the driving force behind many of the United States’ decisions throughout the Cold War. The idea involved stopping the spread of Communism and influence of the Soviet Union by keeping it within the borders it already lies. Kennan believed that the system of Communism was a deadly force as it spreads, similar to a parasite….
Containment and the Cold War
In February 1946, George F. Kennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, proposed a policy of containment. Containment is the blocking of another nation's attempts to spread its influence. During the late 1940s and early 1950s the United States used this policy against the Soviets. The United States wanted to take measures to prevent any extension of communist rule to other countries. The conflicting U.S. and Soviet aims in Eastern Europe led to the Cold War. The Berlin….
The Cold War is known as being one of the most intense ideological debates in American history. This war consisted of the United States being involved in an ongoing rivalry with the Soviet Union. By the end of 1947 the war had began, which was almost immediately after World War II had ended in 1945. The differing beliefs on Communism between the United States and the Soviet Union's leaders, Harry Truman and Joseph Stalin, was what sparked tension between the two, thus, leading them to commence a….
Coming out of a post-World War II the relationship and tensions between America and the Soviet Union lasted for most of the second half of the twentieth century. This so-called war, heightened suspicions, creating a series of international events that brought the world’s two superpowers down to the brink of destruction.
The Cold War was around a decade long struggle for the United States and the Soviet Union. The cause of this war was to stop anymore communism, or so that was the party line from….
Cold War and Containment
Dated from 1947-1991 the Cold War was an intense economic, political, ideological, and military tension between the powers of the Western world, led by the United States against the powers of the Eastern world led by the Soviet Union. Because of Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) these two countries never came head to head like previous wars, however they would fight each other in proxy wars. This sustained a high level of hostility throughout the war and….
George Kennan introduced America’s Policy of Containment in 1947. This policy had a few good points but many more bad points. Kennan's depiction of communism as a "malignant parasite" that had to be contained by all possible measures became the basis of the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and National Security Act in 1947. In his Inaugural Address of January 20, 1949, Truman made four points about his "program for peace and freedom": to support the UN, the European Recovery Program, the collective….
setting up in that part of the world was something the United States could live with.” The US was rather more concerned for a mutual benefit and wanted a working relation with the USSR. The U.S. were most interested in the west Europe, they wanted to introduce there ideology, demarcation, by trying not to collaborate, “,” Roosevelt-style—that is, by trying to work hand-in-hand with each other on whatever problems turned up. Instead, they could get along by pulling apart.
Robert describes “ideologies….