United Kingdom and Great Britain

Topics: United Kingdom, Thirteen Colonies, British Empire Pages: 6 (805 words) Published: January 26, 2014
Name: _______________________________

Period: __________

REVOLUTIONARY WAR
DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION ESSAY
Directions: Answer CRQ questions in documents 1-8. Then answer the essay question in Part II based on the accompanying documents (1-8). Some of the documents have been edited for the purpose of the question. The question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the context of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.

Historical Context: Following the French and Indian War, Great Britain began to tighten their control over the British North American colonies by enacting numerous pieces of legislation. The legislation passed by British Parliament was met with much resistance by the American colonist.

Task:
Part I: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of social studies, answer the constructed response questions that follow each document. Part II: Your answers to the questions will help you write your essay based on the following question:

Using your knowledge of social studies and the documents given to you, explain how tighter British control led to a revolution in colonial America.

Explain – make clear the causes or reasons for (the information requested) in detail. •

You must use at least 3 documents in your essay

Document 1
That this kingdom has the sovereign, the supreme legislative power over America, is granted. It cannot be denied; and taxation is a part of that sovereign power. It is one branch of the legislation. . . . Protection and obedience are reciprocal. Great Britain protects America, America is bound to yield [give] obedience. If not, tell me when the Americans were emancipated? When they want the protection of this kingdom, they are always ready to ask it. That protection has always been afforded them in the most full and ample manner. The nation has run itself into an immense debt to give them this protection; and now they are called upon to contribute a small share to the public expense.

—George Grenville, Member of Parliament (January 14, 1766) 1a. According to Greenville, why does Great Britain have a large debt? Who should help pay that debt?
_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 1b.Why does Parliament have the power to impose taxes on British colonies, according to Grenville?

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________

Document 2
IMPORTS FROM BRITAIN, 1764–1776

2a.When was the greatest decline of imports from Great Britain to the colonies? Why? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________

Document 3
If I was in any doubt, as to the right which the Parliament of Great Britain had to tax us without our consent, I should most heartily coincide with you in opinion, that to petition, and...
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