On completion of this element, candidates should be able to: • explain the moral, legal and economic reasons for a health and safety management system; • discuss the principles of an effective health and safety management system with reference to appropriate examples; • outline the requirements, role, structure (implementation and monitoring) of an effective health and safety policy; • outline the role of health and safety specialists.
Relevant Standards • International Labour Standards, Occupational Safety and Health Convention, C155, International Labour Organisation, Geneva, 1981 • International Labour Standards, Occupational Safety and Health Recommendation R164, International Labour Organisation, Geneva, 1981
Minimum hours of tuition: 15 hours.
An Introduction to Management Theories
In order to understand the concept of managing the health and safety function of an organisation, you must first have an appreciation of the different styles and theories of management that have been developed over a considerable period of time. There are many management gurus and many management theories and a study of them would be encouraged should you wish to further your own studies by undertaking your own research.
That said, however, let us introduce you to some of the well-known and less obscure theories that have become established in Management.
We will briefly look at five management gurus and their theories:
1.1 Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Abraham Maslow developed the Hierarchy of Needs model in his 1943 paper - A Theory of Human Motivation, and the theory remains valid today for understanding human motivation, management training and personal development.
Indeed, Maslow's ideas surrounding the Hierarchy of Needs concerning the responsibility of employers to provide a