Unit One: The Principles of Healthy Eating

Topics: Nutrition, Obesity, Saturated fat Pages: 13 (4854 words) Published: October 13, 2014

Assessment

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Name: Charlotte May Riley

Please note that this Assessment document has 9 pages and is made up of 4 Parts.

Part 1: Understand how diet is linked to health

1. Define what is meant by the term ‘healthy diet’.

A healthy diet is one which provides the body with essential nutrition which it needs in order to function to the best of its ability. The requirements which the body needs will vary depending on several different factors such as age and gender, as well as environmental factors such as the level of activity a person partakes in. People who have a healthy diet generally feel good, have lots of energy and are less susceptible to health risks than people who do not have a healthy diet. A healthy diet is a balanced diet. By eating a healthy diet, a person ensures that their body is receiving all the nutrients it requires in order to stay fit and healthy in everyday life, and helps to reduce the risk of illnesses and therefore fewer trips to the doctors are made.

2. Describe why the healthy diets of adults and children may be different. Provide at least three examples of these differences.

Children need to consume fewer calories than adults because their bodies are not as big. A child between the ages of one and three should consume approximately 1,165 to 1,230 calories per day whereas a child between the ages of four and six should consume approximately 1,545 to 1,715 calories per day because as they age, their bodies also grow. As children develop, their dietary requirements change and between the ages of 5 and 12, a child needs different nutrition and a wider variety of food than other age groups. They require the same healthy foods as adults eat but with additional vitamins and minerals to support their growing bodies. They need more calcium for growing bones, more whole grains and more healthy proteins. Between these ages, a child is still growing but not quite as rapidly as before, but enough that their diet must support the growth. The calorie intake of a child aged between 5 and 12 should increase accordingly to support this growth. Children have small stomachs which are filled and emptied very quickly, so therefore they are required to eat little and often and should never be provided with an adult size portion.

When a child progresses into a teenager, their dietary requirements change again. Due to the rapid growth and changes in their bodies, adolescent boys need approximately 2,500 to 2,800 calories per day, whereas adolescent girls need approximately 2,200 per day. These additional calories are best obtained from low-fat dairy, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins and whole grains.

Adults require a healthy diet which is balanced between the right quantities from each of the different food groups. Because the adult body is fully grown, their intake is no longer for the purpose of growth, but for the maintenance of a body which is able to function healthily at the best of its ability. It is recommended to consume at least five different portions of fruits and vegetables a day. Lifestyle circumstances can be a large factor in changing a person's dietary requirements, for example, a pregnant woman would need to consume additional calories and nutritional food to support the developing baby in her womb. Similarly, people who have had major operations may also need to adjust their dietary requirements. People with health conditions and illnesses may also have to adjust their diet...
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