P3 State factors that influence an individual’s self-concept M2 Outline how factors can influence the development of an individual’s self-concept D1 Describe how factors can influence the development of an individual’s self-concept
Self concept = The knowledge you have about who you are. It is made up of 3 parts which you will look into in more detail; Self image
Culture – Has an affect on whether a person feels like they belong or not, or whether they feel like an outsider. It might rule what a person wears or what their hopes are for the future. For example, in a culture where a woman is expected to marry young and have children rather than a career, this may affect her aspirations or ideal self. She may feel unfulfilled, or happy to have reached her cultural ideal.
Media – Media can influence people on their physical appearance. This could change a person’s behaviour, by believing that everything that celebrities do, they should do also. For example, people who enter their children in pagents, may feel they also have to do this. X factor- can motivate young people to be successful but could also give less confidence if you are not as good as the contestants.
Income – You may want to be more successful because you want more money, you can influenced by how much money you get. A person can be selfish if they have got a lot of money because they might think they are better than others, but can also be generous. Low income – could be depressed and worried, they might think other people look down on them as they might not seem as successful.
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