Unit 6 FRQ Many pioneering researchers have devoted their careers to understanding how we learn. These researchers included Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, John Garcia, B.F. Skinner and Albert Bandura. Ivan Pavlov researched classical conditioning. This is a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events. Pavlov researched a dog and how it began to salivate at the sight of food, the bowl for the food, the person delivering the food, and even the sound of the person’s approaching footsteps. Pavlov discovered that a neutral stimulus when paired with a natural reflex producing stimulus will begin to produce a learned response. For example at school when the lunch bell begins we begin to salivate. Pavlov’s work laid the foundation for John B. Watson’s ideas. Watson had an idea of behaviorism which said that psychology should be an objective science based on observable behavior. Watson wanted to focus on how organisms respond to stimuli in their environments. John Garcia challenged the prevailing idea that all associations can be learned equally well. Garcia researched the effects of radiation on laboratory animals, and noticed that the rats began to avoid drinking water from plastic bottles in radiation chambers. At first he believed it was classical conditioning but after performing experiments John concluded it was taste aversion. Conditioned taste aversion occurs when a subject associates the taste of a certain food with symptoms caused by a toxic, spoiled, or poisonous substance. For example if you were to become violently ill after eating seafood, you probably would have a hard time eating it again. The taste and smell would become a conditioned stimulus for nausea. B.F. Skinner developed a behavioral technology that revealed principals of behavior control. Skinner designed an operant chamber, popularly known as a skinner box. The box has a bar or key that an animal presses to release food or water, and a device that
FRQ Practice #2
1. In response to declining reading scores in local schools, John wrote an editorial suggesting that schools need to increase interest in reading books by providing students with incentives. Based on research showing a relation between use of incentives and student reading, he recommended providing a free Starbucks gift card for every ten books a student reads.
A. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts could be used to refute John's….
Paula Santa Cruz
December 1, 2012
Xenophobia is commonly defined as a disorder causing one to be deathly afraid of strangers and being in public areas.
a) assuming the role of a successful psychologist, explain how you might use systematic desensitization to help cure a patient of xenophobia.
b) if your initial attempts using systematic desensitization fail, what will you prescribe next?
Desensitization is awfully similar to classical conditioning in the way that the….
2008 Psych FRQ
• One of the findings from Ainsworth’s attachment research was that children’s responses can fall into two categories: secure or insecure attachment. Securely attached children felt close to their mothers, safe, and more willing to explore or tolerate a novel experience, while insecurely attached children were more likely to react to the situation either with anxiety and ambivalence or with avoidance.
• One of the findings from Baumrind’s research….
The independent variable is the group receiving feedback. The dependent variable is how much each group correctly identified the figures. The independent variable will not change in the experiment and the dependent variable's outcome will rely on the independent factor.
The foveal is the small pit, in the retina, which provides the clearest and sharpest vision. The participants' foveal vision are needed to be highly active so they can best identify the "geometric figures." Feature detectors….
Unit 6: Learning Study Guide
1. Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience. Nature’s most important gift to us may be our adaptability—our capacity to learn new behaviors that enable us to cope with ever-changing experiences.
2. Pavlov explored the phenomenon we call classical conditioning, in which organisms learn to associate stimuli and thus anticipate events. This laid the foundation for John B. Watson’s behaviorism, which held that….
AP Bio FRQ #2
January 22nd, 2013
A.) Graph #1
The rate of reaction from 0-30 minutes is 0.34667; r=10.4μM /30 minutes
The reaction was observed after 30 minutes because the reaction rate eventually slows down and the enzyme reaches its maximum potential. Since the enzyme is using the substrate so quickly, the substrates concentration depletes. That means the rate will slow down. Our graph shows that after about 40 minutes, the enzyme….
AP biology FRQ
A). The chemical composition and structure of proteins seems quite confusing at first but one it is broken down into levels it is much more understandable. Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins and they contain amino, carboxyl and R groups. These R groups that are in the amino acids are what determine the properties of the specific amino acids. For structure, there are 4 levels. The first one being the primary level. These are made….
A new drug has been formulated to reduce hyperactivity for children ages 5-17. To test this I will be using 100 children that are randomly selected clinically labeled hyperactive child. 50 Children will be randomly assigned to the experimental group and the others will be placed in the control group. Both groups however will be told that they are being given the new drug (a single – blind study). The experimental group will be given the drug and will be asked to meet every day for two hours,….
The behaviour of Anhul can be explained through the many views of psychology. The psychodynamic perspective describes that the unconscious mind and childhood events rules our present day behaviour. The psychodynamic view could be used to describe Anhul’s behaviour as perhaps he has childhood memories that are being held in his unconscious mind of feeling pressured to do well in school by his family, and these memories are impacting the way he handles school today.
In addition, sociocultural….
Unit 2 FRQ
A- About 1.5 million Swedes and Norwegians immigrated to the U.S. during the 1910s. The opportunities in America, the poverty in the homeland, and the religious persecution in the united Sweden-Norway were a few of the pull factors influencing the Swedes and Norwegians to immigrate to the U.S. A vast Jewish population immigrated to the U.S. during these times as well. The rise of Nazi Germany was a pull factor because the Jewish population wished to leave due to religious persecution….