This report will analyse some of the theories, principles and models in education and training. I will report on how these can be applied, and how they can enable inclusive learning, through exploring my own research. The report will also show how learners preferences should be taken into account as per of inclusive teaching and learning.
A – Analyse theories, principles and models of learning and models of learning preferences
Wilson, L (2014) has shown that there are three main schools of theory:
The Behaviourist School
The Cognitivist School
The Humanist School
The Table below shows the schools, their theories and key individual theorists
Individuals respond to stimuli, things seen and done around them. Repetitively being shown a subject in order to learn about it
Pavlov (1849 – 1936) stimulus – response theory used on animals, a bell was rang before eat feed, the animals salivated, showing a recognition.
The issue with this is problem solving – how could a behaviourist think logically, when they follow responses. Open to stereotyping
Learning is acquiring knowledge through thought, senses, and experience. Individuals follow mental processes – they think, remember and process information.
J Bruner (b.1915) - To instruct someone… is not a matter of getting him to commit results to mind. Rather, it is to teach him to participate in the process that makes possible the establishment of knowledge. We teach a subject not to produce little living libraries on that subject, but rather to get a student to think mathematically for himself, to consider matters as an historian does, to take part in the process of knowledge-getting. Knowing is a process not a product. (1966: 72) - The Process of Education: Towards a theory of instruction (1966)
The issues here could be that some learners may not have the knowledge to start with. Is this to say they should not be given the opportunity to learn?
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