Unit 4222 305
Outcome 1 Understand the application centred approaches in health and social care
1. Person-centred care is a philosophy of providing care that is centred around the person, and not just their health needs. We are all individual, no two people are the same hence it is not appropriate to say that because two people have dementia – that they both have the same care and support needs. The values which one person feels are important in their life may not be so to another. To provide the best support to a person, their values must be taken into account and by doing so you will be empowering that person, increase their self determination and improve their independence. A person’s values will include their
Individuality – as a carer you see each person as an individual and promote their interests, aspirations and needs in all you do. Your organisation should fit around these individualities not the person fit in with the organisation.
Rights - the rights of people are protected by law, and in particular by the Human Rights Act 1998. protects people from harm and guarantees them basic entitlements such as the right to respect and equality
Choice – Choice means having access to a wide range of options and information. People need to know the pros and cons of all the options to decide for themselves which ones suit them best. This is called informed choice
Privacy – Privacy is a basic human need. We all need to do some things alone and to have time to ourselves to do as we please. Our need for privacy depends on our personality, interests and circumstances. We can respect peoples’ privacy by ensuring that their dignity is safeguarded, and by protecting them from situations that might cause them distress.
Independence – People in care are often on the receiving end of other people’s decisions and planning. They may not have the power to decide their own lifestyle. Other people, such