1. Effects of common Medical Conditions of Foot and Toenails
In-growing toenails – An ingrown toenail develops when the side of the toenail grow into the surrounding skin. The nail curls and pierces the skin which becomes red, swollen and tender, the big toe is the most likely to be effected. The medical term for an ingrown toenail is onychocryptosis.
Athletes Foot – is common fungal infection of the foot, it causes an itchy red rash in the spaces between the toes and the affected skin can also be scaly, flaky and dry.
Fungal Nail Infection – this affects the hard material that makes up nails, this can affect part or all of the nail, it develops slowly and causes the nail to become discoloured, distorted and thickened.
Corns and Calluses – are areas of hard thickened skin that develop when the skin is exposed to excessive pressure or friction and can cause pain and discomfort when you walk.
Bunions – are a bony deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe and are also known as halux abductivalgus. These sometimes require an operation to put right.
Verrucas – are warts that usually develop on the soles of the feet and are very contagious.
Diabetes – can reduce the blood supply to the foot and can cause loss of feeling, this can mean that foot injuries do not heal well.
Arthritis – This causes pain and swelling. It is generally caused by wear and tear and as it worsens can result in continual pain.
Peripheral Vascular Disease – is a common condition in which a build up of fatty deposits in the arteries restricts blood supply to the leg and foot muscles.
Eczema – causes distinctive circular or oval patches on the skin they could be a few millimetres or several centimetres wide and are usually pink, red or brown. They can be DRY where the patches red, dry, cracked and scaly or WET where the patches are bumpy and blistered and ooze fluid. They can be very itchy.