After completing the readings, answer the following questions:
1. Describe and the biological and psychological factors that contribute to crime and deviance within our society today. There are many factors that suggest that abnormal human traits tend to lead someone to the life of crime. The trait theories are divided into two groups – biological makeup and psychological ideals. The biological makeup tends to say that they the physical and mental makeup of someone tends to make them either lead a life of crime or know the difference. Cesare Lombroso studied “scientific” factors of crime and came up with some very interesting theories about the mental/physical aspects of criminal traits and activities. These studies say that biological traits can be inherited and these inherited traits have been formed by natural selection. These traits evolve and then shape the environment and the life that the people live in. These behaviors replenish the gene pool and make the next generation of criminals. “Biology, environment, and learning are mutually interdependent factors,” (Siegel, 2014).
2. What does twin behavior tell us about the causes of criminal behavior? Some think that because twins are identical, then they should have identical actions and thoughts, and be quite similar in their antisocial behaviors and doings. The identical twins (Monozygotic) twins are much more alike in their actions than the fraternal (DZ) twins. Antisocial behavior is 50 percent inheritable and some studies show that the genes on deviant behavior may be up to 85 percent inheritable. Twins that are identical can be very much alike in their actions, even down to when and how many times they have sex a day. I have a set of identical (MZ) twins that are my sons are 15 years old. These boys are very, very alike. They finish each other’s sentences. They can be headed to do the exact same action at the exact same time. One example is jumping in