Support Children and Young People’s Health and Safety
1. Describe the factors to take in account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services.
Regarding EYFS the components of a safe environment include:
Safeguarding and promoting children's welfare - All practitioners should have an up-to-date understanding of safeguarding children issues and be able to implement the safeguarding children policy and procedure appropriately. Staff should be able to respond appropriately to any significant changes in children's behaviour; unexplained bruising, marks or signs of possible abuse; signs of neglect; comments children make which give cause for concern.
Suitable premises, environment and equipment - secure (entry phones, safeguarding, children’s and adult’s registration, right person (with prior permission) collecting children, fences, etc.). Areas where children learn, play and develop must be in appropriate size (enough space - ratio, enough sinks, toilets,...), suitable for appropriate age group, condition (well maintained, warm, bright, clean, hygienic, etc), safe (handles in a higher level, electric sockets higher and covered, not slippery flours, no sharp corners, supervision all day long and etc.), adequate spaces for the different needs (food, rest, activities, parents, meeting, personal belongings, etc)., must have appropriate fire detection and control equipment (fire alarms, smoke detectors, fire extinguishers and fire blankets) which are in working order. Play equipment and care equipment which is fit for purpose, appropriate for the needs (rest, eat, play, exercise, toilet and etc.) of individual children (appropriate age, disability, culture, etc.) and meets British and European standards.
Buildings must be organized on easy to clean way (walls, flours, etc.), gardens easy to swipe and have shed for the equipment to lock, toys and equipment easy to clean and sterilize, setting must have a schedule for cleaning,