Unit 4- Keeping Children Safe
(E1) Identify legislation which influences healthy, safe and secure environments for early year’s settings According to www.hse.gov.uk “COSHH is the law that requires employers to control substances that are hazardous to health. You can prevent or reduce workers exposure to hazardous substances by finding out what the health hazards are, deciding how to prevent harm to health (risk assessment), and providing control measures to reduce harm to health”. Legislation which influences healthy, safe and secure environments for early year’s settings include Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 (COSHH), The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAWA), Reporting Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1984 (RIDDOR), Food Hygiene Regulations 2006 and Childcare Act 2006 and the EYFS reforms. According to Tassoni P et al 2007 page 161 “All employers have legal responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. This means that employers must meet certain rules to make sure people are safe in their place of work”.
(D1) Explain how legislation can support strategies to establish and maintain healthy, safe and secure environments in early year’s settings According to www.northamptonshire.gov.uk “Childcare Act 2006. This act places new duties on local authorities in England and Wales requiring them to work in partnership across all sectors (including the private and voluntary) to shape the provision of childcare and delivery of early years services, raising quality and improving outcomes for all children and parents”. The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 (COSHH) supports ways to keep the setting safe and healthy because it provides the safety of any potentially dangerous substances. It gives us clear guidelines on how to store harmful substances, as this will keep people from becoming ill or injuring themselves, it states that harmful substances must be labelled correctly, for example toxic, harmful, flammable or corrosive, this will ensure they are used correctly. For example in my setting medicines are kept in locked cupboards and up high so they are out of reach of children. Bleach and other cleaning products are kept out of reach of children and in locked cupboards.
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAWA) supports to keep the setting healthy and safe because it ensures there is a safety representative available to tell practitioners what to do if an incident occurs, risk assessments are carried out to minimise risks. This act requires information and training should be given for the health and safety of employees. In my setting safety equipment is always made available in case of an emergency, for example if something was spilt on the floor a
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mop would be available to clear up the spillage and a caution sign would be available to stop children and staff slipping over and injuring themselves. This act supports the security of early years settings at it ensures that important information for example fire procedures, training and instruction are provided to ensure that children feel safe and secure in the setting and it helps the staff be aware of what is expected of them.
According to www.education.gov.uk “The act also lays out registration and inspection arrangements, providing for an integrated education and care framework for the Early Years and general childcare registers”. The Childcare Act 2006 and the EYFS reforms in 2012 support to keep the setting safe, healthy and secure because it ensures that all members of staff are CRB checked to ensure they are fit for practice, it enables that staff know fire procedures and know what to do in an event of a fire, fire detectors must be in good working order, fire exits must be clear at all times to ensure there is a clear exit in case of a fire. This act enables there is enough staff in the setting for the correct supervision of children, for...
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